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Not on the one who commits the deviant act but on the

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not on the one who commits the deviant act but on the response of the audience if treated as deviant and cut off opportunities outside of deviance, there’s increased  chance of actual deviance two types of deviances: primary deviance-  initial reason for deviance (fitting in) secondary deviance-  acts of deviance after individual is labeled deviant Goffman stigma - any attribute that discredits person from full social acceptance 3 types (can be ascribed or achieved):  abominations of the body - clearly visible physical marks blemishes of the individual character-  labels of mental disorder, dishonesty,  alcoholism or bankruptcy tribal stigmas-  discredited for membership in particular group people in position of power get to decide who is stigmatized “once we collectively stigmatize someone, then we can discriminate against them, which  effectively reduces the life chances of the stigmatized individual” discredited identity - stigma known, affects deviant
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discreditable-  hidden but vulnerable, danger of feeling full force of stigma Functions of Deviance******* ON EXAM Unite society with common enemy Clarifies norms and moral boundaries Encourages social change BONUS: She had BBQ Tofu Bagel for lunch. BONUS: Most taboo for Halloween was Steve Jobs.
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Chapter 12: Stratification and Inequality 22:26 Social stratification-  society is made up of social layers (strata( that are arranged in a  hierarchy 3 defining qualities of social stratification: Persist for a long time Resistant to change Bolstered by widely accepted legitimizing rationales Legitimizing rationales - widely accepted beliefs something is fair and just (legitimize  inequalities) 3 major categories of social stratification: Caste system (india) -  one’s rank is determined at birth, divided and categorized by  ASCRIBED characteristics. Contact between castes of different rank is NOT permitted.  CLOSED transmigration-  person is born into particular caste as result of actions/thoughts in  previous life karma-  inexorable application of law of cause and effect varnas-  colors or grades of being 4 varnas 1. brahmans-  priests, seers, philosophers 2.  Kshatriyas-  warriors, royalty, administrators 3.  Vaishyas-  producers, merchants, farmers, artisans, skilled workers 4.  Shudras-  peasants and unskilled workers (scheduled castes-  untouchables, almost deemed too impure to be a part of the  system) jatis - castes within each varna, associated with particular occupation
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Chapter 12: Stratification and Inequality 22:26 Estate systems (feudal)  -  stratification based on land ownership. castes determined at  birth.  Impersonal  contact between castes is permitted (employee/boss).  3 estates: 1.   aristocracy or nobility 2.   Clergy-  highest ranking churchmen came from first estate, lowest ranking from 
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