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•Jitter for the sending and receiving of information must also be minimized to ensure correct operation •By way of comparison, in the enterprise space, voice is often considered the highest-priority application, with a typical one-way delay of 150 milliseconds or more. •In a number of operational environments for oil and gas, manufacturing, and power utilities, delay must be under 10 microseconds. •Security attacks that cause delay, such as denial of service (DoS) attacks, can cause systems to malfunction purely by disrupting the timing mechanism. •IT networks are typically more mature and use up-to-date technologies. •These mature modern networking practices are critical to meet the high degree of flexibility required in the IT environment. •It is likely that there are a wide variety of device types actively participating in any given network at any one time. •Flexible interoperability is thus critical. •To achieve interoperability, there is usually minimal proprietary communication activity, and the emphasis is typically on open standards. •The movement to IPv6 continues to progress, and higher-order network services, such as quality of service (QoS), are normal as well. •The open nature of these compute systems means a wide range of protocols are traversing the OT network. •Industrial networks often still rely on serial communication technologies or have mixed serial and Ethernet. •This means that not only do many devices lack IP capabilities, but it is not even possible to monitor and secure the serial traffic in the same way you do for IP or Ethernet. •In some environments, the network remains very static, meaning a baseline of traffic patterns can be built up and monitored for changes. •In static environments, the visibility of devices, protocols, and traffic flows can be managed and secured more easily. •However, there is a continued growth of mobile devices and ad hoc connectivity, especially in industries such as transportation and smart cities, as well as a rise in mobile fleet assets across a plethora of other industries.
Nithin Kurup U G INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGY Page 58 •These dynamic and variable networks are much more difficult to baseline, monitor, and secure. QE11) Comments on security priorities regarding IT/OT security.Security Priorities: Integrity, Availability, and Confidentiality •Security priorities are driven by the nature of the assets in each environment. •In an IT realm, the most critical element and the target of attacks has been information. •In an OT realm, the critical assets are the process participants: workers and equipment. •Security priorities diverge based on those differences. •In the IT business world, there are legal, regulatory, and commercial obligations to protect data, especially data of individuals who may or may not be employed by the organization.