The Spartan male spent most of his life as a soldier Women were trained in

The spartan male spent most of his life as a soldier

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The Spartan male spent most of his life as a soldier Women were trained in games to become physically strong oChildbearing and sex were very open, even outside of marriage, in Spartan society Sparta was separated from the rest of Greece by two mountain ranges Athens Government moved from a monarchy to an elected panel of 3 men that all citizens could vote in the election Draco and Homicide Law: defined the difference between voluntary and involuntary homicide
Forming of Greek Civilization18:19oRevolutionary because most societies view homicide as defiling the community in the eyes of the Gods The polis was struggling to feed its overpopulated city, and many farmers were indebted to one another, resulting in farmers becoming slaves to other farmers oSolon solved the economic crisis by decreeing that only olive oil could be exported from Greece (forcing people to grow olives, instead of grain, which was more economically successful) oAlso determined that Athenian currency would more closely resemble the currency throughout the rest of Greece, opening Athens up to trade Solon transformed Athenian society by creating 4 castes, dependent on how much farmers yielded from their land Only the highest two classes could hold office Allowed any man to promote his class equally (regardless of ancestry) The Challenge of PersiaDarius was looking to extend the Persian Empire to the West The Persians were destroyed (lost 6000 men) by the Athenians (lost only 192 men) oOrigin of the Marathon is from Eucles, who ran back in his armor to give the news of victoryAlso the story that Phidippides ran between Sparta and Athens to ask Sparta for help before the battle Xerxes tried to redeem Darius’s defeat Triremes- ships which nearly 200 men rowed, and were considered missiles, could smash and destroy enemy ships Greece united and entrusted Sparta to led the military factions Thermopylae (300) is known for the Spartans defending the pass oWould have won if they were not betrayed and surrounded on both sides oAnnihilated Athenians abandoned Athens because the Persians came and burned the city down oThey went to the island of Salamis oPersian fleet came and attacked the Greek fleet which was stronger and defeated the Persians (if the Persians had decided to surround the Greeks rather than having simply a full frontal assault, the Greek fleet would have been defeated)
Classical and Hellenistic Greece 18:19The Wars of the Fifth Century (479-404 BC) Delian League- group of Greek states that formed an alliance together and Athens was declared the leader of the alliance oIt was determined members should supply ships to form a common navy and members should contribute money Athens grew more and more dominant within the league, and would control areas that were considered independent and was forcibly preventing members from withdrawing from the league oThe cash contributed became merely contributes to Athens

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