DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 56 of 60 the israelites or hebrews were a

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Question 56 of 60 The Israelites (or Hebrews) were a people, like the Phoenicians, who flourished in the political vacuum left by the weakening of the Egyptian empire and the annihilation of the Hittites around 1200 B.C. Your Answer: Explanation The Israelites were responsible for a religious revolution founded on the concept of a single, universal God who had a covenant with his chosen people. God was a just judge who required obedience to his laws. Question 57 of 60 The early Greeks (Thales, Xenophanes, Pythagoras and Hippocrates) tried to understand the world without reference to supernatural powers, but rather with emphasis on logic and observation. Your Answer:
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Explanation In this, and in other ways, the Greeks differed radically from Near Eastern thought. Question 58 of 60 As more people began living in the same area, various forms of government developed. Your Answer: Explanation Ranging from strong centralized monarchy (Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Israelites, etc.), to the less centralized monarchies of the city-states in Sumeria, to the theocracy of Egypt. Question 59 of 60 Egypt was protected by deserts and the sea and nourished by the Nile which flooded regularly; it was less prone to invasion and hence more secure politically. Your Answer: Explanation In contrast, Mesopotamia was invaded regularly, having no natural barriers; the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were difficult to navigate and control and flooded regularly. Question 60 of 60 The first use of writing may have been to record the arrangements for river control. Your Answer: Explanation The Mesopotamian civilizations are described as more pessimistic than the Egyptians which were more secure geographically. Nature of Culture Question 1 of 33 A symbol is a communication element intended to simply represent or stand for a complex of person, object, group, or idea. Your Answer: Explanation Symbols may be presented graphically, as in the cross for Christianity, the red cross or crescent for the life-preserving agencies of Christian and Islamic countries; representationally, as in the human figures Marianne, John Bull, and Uncle Sam standing for France, England, and the United States respectively; they may involve letters, as in K for the chemical element potassium; or they may be assigned arbitrarily, as in the mathematical symbol for infinity or the symbol $ for dollar. Question 2 of 33
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Culture is a system of symbols , acting to mediate between the individual and his/her world. Your Answer: Explanation Culture provides us with an interpretive sieve for making sense of the world, motivating our actions and behavior (this operates at unconscious and conscious levels of awareness). Question 3 of 33 Whatever the experience of reality that lies behind the religious symbol may be, it is above all the experience of the sacred or holy, which belongs essentially to any concept of religion.
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