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Nouraie simone 129 some of the women described their

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Nouraie-Simone, 129) . Some of the women described their choice by explaining the veil’s aesthetic condition as others cited a factor of unwanted male attention. Curiously, one of the women decided to put on a niqab rather than a headscarf to prevent her parents from recognizing her together with her friends in which she had the intention of concealing her conversion to the Islamic religion ( Nouraie-Simone, 134) .
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Surname 5 In a nutshell, women are not the same in every place, and it is these women themselves who are much aware of their particular challenges. As depicted in the various studies and research, together with other studies of the Islamic societies, there is a criticism of the norms and traditions of Islam and are embraced in line with the dynamic traditions, also from within the traditions of Islam just like in the case of varying social movements which have undergone criticism and embraced different traditions of the Western ( Nouraie-Simone, 143) . The rhetoric of saving an individual, therefore, becomes questionable because it fails in taking into consideration the cultural differences as well as the social context that is stemming from it. What Western values are protected? The Western values also demonstrate the second device in the rhetorical discourse of prohibition that requires protection from the infiltration of the Islamic tradition characterized with women’s dressing. According to Eid (99) t he meaning of the concepts such as culture, values as well as a civilization is left open when talking about the Westerners. It is assumed that these concepts have a common sense to everyone and there is no requirement of further description. However, the question comes about the Western values that require protection from the Islamic religion ( Eid, 100). Such concepts including culture, values, and civilization should firstly be problematized. All these outlined notions do not have a clear, distinct and non-controversial meaning ( Wodak, 233) . Instead, they are all-encompassing words with ambiguity that is often applied in the cognitive shortcuts for the extremely complicated ideas and concepts. Taking a concept like culture in the common understanding, it would mean coherent and distinct shared attitudes and beliefs, set of traditions, practices and social norms. However, it would be extremely challenging
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Surname 6 to pinpoint what could be associated or not associated with a particular culture in the real world, or even where a given culture ends with the other one beginning ( Wodak, 541) . Furthermore, culture cannot be considered static, delineated, primordial or even homogeneous, even though this is the manner in which culture is conceptually viewed. Cultures have not only formed but also continued to form through different influences and with contacts from the other forms of cultures, which are all dynamic. Therefore, a culture has got no single origin, and the transformation of culture is perpetual and constant. As a result Wodak (542) and Eid (101) a rgues that culture is often composed of potentially and polyvalent contestable images, messages, and actions. In short, it is situated historically, an unfolding ensemble of action signifiers, at once material signifiers as well as social, symbolic and aesthetic considerations.
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