I think that Joan of Arc was so successful because of the voices she heard. She inspired
and led French attacks, and the English retreated from Orleans. The king made her co-
commander of the entire army and she led it to many victories.
In 1430, the Burgandians captured Joan. I think Charles refused to ransom her because
he already had many victories so he didn’t need her anymore.
Many people began to oppose the war because of loss of many lives mounted and
money appeared to be flowing into a bottomless pit, especially in England. Parliamentary
opposition to additional war grants stiffened when less soldiers were being sent, and more
territory passed into French hands.
A heretic is a person believing in or practicing religious heresy while Martyr is when a
person is killed because of their beliefs.
King Phillip requested for a new trial for Joan of Arc because he had second thoughts of
her abandonment. His actions were truthful because he felt like he owed her after all the
victories she helped him achieve throughout the war.
In 1920, Joan of Arc was canonized as a saint after the French government declared
separation of church and state in France. Joan has been a symbol of deep religious piety to
some, of conservative nationalism to others, and of gender bending cross-dressing to
In France, the war resulted in thousands of soldiers and civilians slaughtered and
thousands of acres of rich farmland that was ruined. The war had also disrupted trade and
the great fairs, resulting in the drastic reduction of French participation in international
commerce. Defeat in battle and heavy taxation contributed to widespread dissatisfaction
and aggravated peasant grievances.
England spent over 5 million euros on the war effort, and despite the money raised by
some victories, the net result was an enormous financial loss.
In both England and France, men of all social classes had volunteered to serve in the
war in the hope of acquiring booty and becoming rich. The social order was also disrupted
as the knights who ordinarily served as sheriffs, coroners, jurymen, and justices of the
peace were abroad.
The development of Representative Assemblies was important for the development of
democratic governments around the world because in the English Parliament, German diets
and Spanish cortes, deliberative practices developed that laid the foundations for the
representative institutions of modern democratic nations.