Purpose is to assess students knowledge and

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purpose is to assess students’ knowledge and understanding, students could be asked to write an essay on the topic or answer test questions. Cooperative Learning Cooperative learning is a strategy in which students work together in small groups to maximize their own and each others’ learning. In cooperative classrooms students have two responsibilities: (i) to learn and complete assigned material and, (ii) to make sure that all members of the group do so as well. A score of academic , social and psychological benefits are associated with working collaboratively in groups such as improved self-esteem, increased on-task time, increased higher order thinking, better understanding of material, ability to work with others in groups and improved attitudes towards school and teachers. Cooperative learning creates opportunities for students to use and master social skills necessary for living productive and satisfying lives. How are students assessed in cooperative learning? Success on the academic task is assessed by randomly asking students questions, checking their work, or through individual tests or quizzes. For the social skills task, students are evaluated through teacher observation and students’ evaluation of their own and group effectiveness.
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National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture 2010 — Instructional Strategies 21 Inquiry/Investigation Inquiry/investigation is a process of framing questions, gathering information, analyzing it and drawing conclusions. An inquiry classroom is one where students take responsibility for their learning and are required to be active participants, searching for knowledge, thinking critically and solving problems. Inquiry develops students' knowledge of the topic of investigation inquiry, skills of questioning, hypothesizing, information gathering, critical thinking and presentation. They are also disposed to engaging in inquiry, open-mindedness and continuing their learning. Teaching students to conduct an inquiry investigation There are two main types of inquiry: knowledge-based inquiry and problem-based inquiry/investigation. Knowledge-based inquiry enables students to enhance their knowledge and understanding of content. Problem-based inquiry/investigation encourages study of social and scientific problems. If the study could lead to social action work with students to engage in responsible action. There are a number of steps in conducting an inquiry/investigation. Each step is described below and an example of a knowledge inquiry and scientific investigation is provided below: Choose a topic and have students frame inquiry questions(s) based on the topic or plan an investigation by developing materials yourself Have students formulate a hypothesis, i.e. provide possible explanations or educated guesses in answer to the questions.
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  • Fall '19
  • pakistani culture

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