bluish appearance to the skin—a sign that the tissue cyan / osis isn’t receiving enough oxygen blue / condition murmur MIR-mir Definition abnormal heart sound from Latin, for "to grumble" or "hum"
tachycardia TAK-ih-KAR-dee-ah Definition rapid heartbeat tachy / card / ia fast / heart / condition vena cava VEE-nah CAY-vah Definition large-diameter vein that gathers blood from the vena cava body and returns it to the heart vein hollow inferior vena cava in-FEER-ee-or VEE-nah CAY-vah Definition portion of the vena cava that gathers inferior vena cava blood from the lower portion of the body lower vein hollow superior vena cava soo-PEER-ee-or VEE-nah CAY-vah Definition portion of the vena cava that gathers superior vena cava blood from the upper portion of the body (head and arms upper vein hollow angiogenesis AN-jee-oh-JIN-eh-sis Definition development of blood vessels angio / genesis vessel / creation angiolith AN-jee-oh-LITH Definition stone forming in the wall of a blood vessel angio / lith vessel / stone angiopoiesis AN-jee-oh-poh-EE-sis Definition formation of blood vessels angio / poiesis vessel / formation angiosclerosis AN-jee-oh-skleh-ROH-sis Definition hardening of a blood vessel angio / scler / osis vessel / hard / condition aortectasia ay-OR-tek-TAY-zhah Definition dilation of the aorta aort / ectasia aorta / dilation
aortic stenosis ay-OR-tik stih-NOH-sis Definition narrowing of the aorta aort / ic sten / osis aorta / pertaining to narrow / condition aortolith ay-OR-toh-LITH Definition stone deposit in the wall of the aorta aorto / lith aorta / stone arteriolith ar-TER-ee-oh-LITH Definition stone in the artery arterio / lith artery / stone arteriorrhexis ar-TER-ee-oh-REK-sis Definition rupture of an artery arterio / rrhexis artery / rupture arteriosclerosis ar-TER-ee-oh-skleh-ROH-sis Definition hardening of an artery arterio / scler / osis artery / hard / condition atherogenesis A-ther-oh-JIN-eh-sis Definition formation of fatty plaque on the wall of an artery athero / genesis fatty plaque / creation atherosclerosis A-ther-oh-skleh-ROH-sis Definition hardening of an artery due to buildup of fatty plaque athero / scler / osis fatty plaque / hard / condition embolus EM-boh-lus Definition mass of matter present in the blood Note: In Greek, this word was used to mean "stopper," as in the opening of a bottle. em / bolus in / throw
embolism EM-boh-LIZ-um Definition blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus embol / ism embolus / condition ischemia ih-SKEE-mee-ah Definition blockage of blood flow to an organ isch / emia hold back / blood condition occlusion oh-KLOO-zhun Definition closing or blockage of a passage from Latin, for "to close off" phlebosclerosis FLEB-oh-skleh-ROH-sis Definition hardening of a vein phlebo / scler / osis vein / hard / condition thrombus THROM-bus Definition blood clot Note: The difference between a thrombus and an embolus is twofold. A thrombus is a clot of blood and is stationary. An embolus is foreign material and is in motion. When a thrombus breaks off, it becomes a thromboembolus.
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- Summer '11