Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs Paraldehyde Paral Sedates patients with

Other anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs paraldehyde paral

This preview shows page 27 - 31 out of 31 pages.

Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs Paraldehyde ( Paral ): Sedates patients with delirium tremens or psychiatric conditions characterized by extreme excitement Meprobamate ( Miltown ): Manages acute anxiety for up to 4 months Chloral Hydrate ( Aquachloral ): Produces nocturnal sedation or preoperative sedation
Image of page 27
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs (cont.) Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs (cont.) Glutethimide (generic), zaleplon ( Sonata ), and zolpidem ( Ambien ): Short-term treatment of insomnia Antihistamines (promethazine [ Phenergan ], diphenhydramine [ Benadryl ]): Preoperative medications and postoperative to decrease the need for narcotics Buspirone ( BuSpar ): Reduces the signs and symptoms of anxiety without severe CNS and adverse effects
Image of page 28
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs Other Anxiolytic and Hypnotic Drugs Action- Dependent on agent of choice Pharmacokinetics- Metabolism primarily in liver and excreted in urine or feces Contraindications- Dependent on agent of choice Adverse effects- Dependent on agent of choice Drug-to-Drug interactions- Other CNS depressants
Image of page 29
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Question Question You are admitting a new patient to the clinic. A review of home medications indicates the patient is taking a barbiturate to help him sleep. The patient tells you that he is having problems with both his visual and auditory senses. The patient wants to know what is wrong. What would be the best response? A. We will have to wait and see what the doctor says. B. What you are describing could be adverse effects from the sleep medicine you are taking. C. There is nothing wrong. You are just getting older. D. Sometimes these things happen with our patients. We need to do a complete assessment before we know for sure.
Image of page 30
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Answer Answer B. What you are describing could be adverse effects from the sleeping medication you are taking? Rationale: Nursing diagnoses related to drug therapy might include: Disturbed thought processes and disturbed sensory perception (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, tactile) related to CNS effects
Image of page 31

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 31 pages?

  • Fall '18
  • Norma Washington
  • Benzodiazepine, Wolters Kluwer Health, Barbiturate, Hypnotic

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture