315 African Economic Outlook Djibouti Overview 22 June 2011

315 african economic outlook djibouti overview 22

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315 African Economic Outlook, “Djibouti: Overview,” 22 June 2011, 316 African Economic Outlook, “Djibouti: Structural Issues,” 22 June 2011,
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©DLIFLC 49 Piracy Attacks on international ships by Somali-based pirates in the Indian Ocean have become a growing and highly publicized problem since 2007. 317 Although most of the early attacks took place along the coast from central Somalia to northern Tanzania, more recent pirate ventures have spread to the shipping lanes of the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. 318 Djibouti, located at the narrowest part of this vital maritime route, has been hurt financially by the increasing pirate activity because insurers raised their premiums on ships docking in Djibouti. 319 Election Protests In the run-up to Djibouti’s 2011 presidential election, several thousand people participated in an unprecedented protest rally that became violent. 320, 321 In the wake of the violent protests, arrests of opposition political leaders and a governmental ban on opposition political meetings and demonstrations followed. 322 Although Djibouti has been nominally democratic since independence in 1977, it has not had unrestricted multiparty elections. 323 Djibouti has had two presidents—both from the same political party and the same Issa subclan. 324, 325 In 2011, President Ismail Omar Guelleh announced he would run for a third term after the country’s National Assembly approved an amendment overturning the constitution’s two term limit. This event galvanized the February 2011 protests. Guelleh was subsequently elected to a third term in the April 2011 election, which was boycotted by other political parties. 326 317 Reuters Africa, “Somali Piracy Becoming ‘Criminal Enterprise,’” 16 February 2011, While no el=0 318 James Hackett, ed., “Chapter 9: Sub-Saharan Africa,” in The Military Balance 2011 (London, UK: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2011), 403. 319 Sami Abdi, “Djibouti, EU Discuss Anti Piracy Mission Off Somali Coast,” Africa News, Sunatimes , 31 January 2011, - coast.html 320 Sapa-AP, “Djibouti Evicts US Vote Group Ahead of Election,” Times Live, 17 March 2011, 321 African Economic Outlook, “Djibouti: Political Context Overview,” 22 June 2011, 322 Berouk Mesfin, Institute for Security Studies, “Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti,” 14 April 2011, 6, - 135955%2015Apr11Djibouti.pdf 323 Berouk Mesfin, “Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti,” Institute for Security Studies, 14 April 2011, 2, 324 Amadee Bollee, “Djibouti: From French Outpost to US Base,”
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