Exam1-PracticeQuestions.docx

The likelihood principle states that a we perceive

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8. The likelihood principle states that a. we perceive the object that is most likely to have caused the pattern of stimuli we have received. b. we perceive size to remain the same size even when objects move to different distances. c. it is easier to perceive vertical and horizontal orientations. d. feature detectors are likely to create a clear perception of an object. 9. The temporal lobe is a. the first place in the cerebral cortex where visual information is received. b. important for language, memory, hearing, and vision. c. important for higher functions such as language, thought, and memory, as well as motor functioning. d. where signals are received from the auditory system. 10. Which of the following stimuli were used in Ebbinghaus's "memory" experiment discussed in your text? a. Common words b. Light illuminated on the left or the right of a computer screen c. Grey rectangles in front of light rectangles d. Three-letter nonsense words 11. From lecture, what are 'tilt' and 'slant' most closely associated with? a. the primal feature sketch b. locating an object's surfaces in orientation and depth c. recognizing elementary three-dimensional shapes d. recognizing an object from multiple visual perspectives 12. Groups of interconnected neurons are referred to as a. myelin sheaths. b. potentiated somas. c. neural circuits. d. spreading activations. 13. The first experiments in cognitive psychology were based on the idea that mental responses can be a. measured directly. b. inferred from the participant's behavior. c. measured by comparing the presentation of the stimulus and the participant's response.
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