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•Crips -Most of Its members are African Americans. They were funded in 1969 in Los Angeles California. The gang was considered the largest gang in the United States with an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 active members. The color of the gang is blue and they have a specific hand symbol to recognize other members. This gang has been known to be involved in murders, robberies, drug dealing and rape levels (F.B.I., 2009). 28
THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 29•Bloods -This gang was also founded in Los Angeles California in the late 1970’s. Their members are mostly African Americans. They are very violent gangs and have a much known rivalry with the Crips. The Bloods use the color red to identify themselves and have hand symbols like the number “5” which is a five pointed star and also spell out the word blood with their fingers. Bloods don’t have a main leader, instead they have smaller street gangs which they call “sets”. Each set has their own leader and are all independent from each other levels (F.B.I., 2009). Female involvement in gangsMost females involved with gangs, were not directly interested in gang activities, almost all of them were just the girlfriends of gang members. Unfortunately this is not the case any longer and as females grow more independent they are now assuming the same responsibilities as the males. Recent studies show that females make up between 10 and 30 percent of all gang members are females (Kinnear, 1996). Females are joining gangs exactly for the same reason as male, and performs exactly the same duties, although gangs in its majority still dominated by males. The National Council on Crime and Delinquency ranked “young females as the fastest growing offenders in the national juvenile justice population” (F.B.I., 2009). Girls also join gangs for protection from other girls or just because they want to rebel and wanted to feel the power and freedom. Organized crime is everywhere; this is a very difficult area for law enforcement to keep control over, which creates never ending battle against something that will always gain new members. New members join for various reasons and come from mainly distress and un-oriented families (Kinnear, 1996). A gang doesn’t necessarily have to be an established group of organized crime; it can simply start with a few members or even friends that begin to do things 29
THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 30that catch negative attention. Such endeavors can slowly progress until they become a “gang” and are identified by law enforcement as organized crime. Gangs in my opinion will never be stopped but we can try our best to prevent negative actions from occurring.30
THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 31Chapter Five: Summary and ConclusionsSummary.