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not to talk down to your students or over their heads.Never assumethey should know a safety precautionsimply because it requires common sense, and neverbelittle them if they don't.The safety instructor's style is also an importantfactor. In developing your own style, be sure youobserve the following guidelines:Always accept a person's answer—don'tembarrass a student who has given the wronganswer. Try to provide a positive statement. Say,"You're on the right track," rather than, "That'swrong."Talk to the entire group, not just to the front row.Move around. Speak loud enough that peoplesitting in the back of the room can hear you.Watch your mannerism. Relax. Take commandof the group by your body language.Safety training is often routine and repetitive.Impress upon your students the importance of safetytraining. Be prepared and present your training materialin a professional and enthusiastic manner.SUMMARYIn this chapter you have learned about the history ofthe NAVOSH Program. We have introduced you to thecurrent safety organization's program mission andobjectives. We discussed the Naval Safety Center. Weaddressed safety and occupational health principlesalong with the elements of a local safety program.Remember, an effective safety program is everyone'sresponsibility.Safety is a six-letter word for a 7-dayjob!1-18
CHAPTER 2SAFETY PROGRAM PROMOTIONAND ATTITUDESThis chapter deals with promoting your safetyprogram and helping your workers develop a positiveattitude toward safety. Sometimes people call this a"safety philosophy." It is an essential part of anysuccessful safety program.Some safety supervisors believe that by providingsafety training, they are promoting safety. Whilesafety training is a vital element, training alone cannotchange unsafe attitudes or promote safe workman-ship. The advertising world calls promotional efforts"marketing."A command must "market" its safetyprogram and sell safety to the worker.SAFETY PHILOSOPHYWe often hear safety described as the use of"common sense." That is, safety should be obvious—anyone should be able to see a missing safety guard andrealize it is a hazard. Unfortunately, that is not the case.Safety is learned and experienced.From a young age, other people warn us aboutdangerous situations and how to identify potentialhazards. Without that training, you might receive injuryfrom such hazards. If not seriously injured, you surelywill learn from the experience.You can easily recognize some safety hazards.However, hazards involving toxic chemicals andexposures may not be obvious. Some occupationalillnesses, such as asbestos exposure, do not showsymptoms for 10 to 35 years. You need to be trained torecognize these hazards.Just as we cannot rely on common sense to preventmishaps, we cannot assume that everyone has a goodattitude toward safety. The following are some attitudesthat can contribute to mishaps:The fatalist—The people who have this attitudeare sure that when "their time is up, nothing canbe done about it."The risk-taker—People who have this attitude