We may sometimes have contradictory or inconsistent

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we may sometimes have contradictory or inconsistentsubordinate constructs within our overall construct systemCommonality:although our individual constructs are unique to us, peoplein compatible groups/cultures may hold similar constructsSociality:we try to understand how other people think and predict whatthey will do, and we modify our behavior accordingly.EmotionsConstructs of transition:refer to the experiences we have when wemove from one way of looking at the world or ourselves to another; whenwe have feelings, affect, emotionsAnxiety:when you are suddenly aware that your constructs aren’tfunctioning wellThreat and GuiltThreat: when the anxiety involves anticipations of great chances coming tour core constructsGuilt:when you do things that are not in keeping with your core constructsAggression and HostilityAggression: trying to make reality match up with your constructsIncludes aggression proper/assertivenessHostility:when our core constructs are on the line, aggression maybecome hostilityA matter of insisting that your constructs are valid, despiteoverwhelming evidence to the contrary.
Ex: include an elderly boxer still claiming to be the greatestAlbert BanduraTheoryBandura mixes behaviorism and social learning to make his theoryBehaviorismEmphasis on experimental methodsFocuses on variables we can observe, measure, and manipulate andavoids whatever is subjective, internal, and unavailable - ie mentalIn the experimental method, the standard procedure is to manipulate onevariable, and then measure its effects on anotherAll this boils down to a theory of personality that says one’s environmentcauses one’s behaviorReciprocal DeterminismEnvironment causes behavior; as well, behavior causes environment aswell.The world and a person’s behavior cause each otherLater in lifeLook at personality as an interaction among three things:Environment, behavior, psychological processes (consists of abilityto entertain images in our minds, and languages)Father of cognitivist movementBobo Doll StudyVariationsBandura conducted a variety of different experiments were he changed theactors characteristics to see what would influence behaviorsAttentionIf you are going to learn anything, you have to be paying attentionIf the model is colorful and dramatic - pay more attention
RetentionSecond, you must be able to retain what you have paid attention toWhen stored, you can later bring up the image or description so that youcan reproduce it with your own behavior.ReproductionTranslating the image or description into actual behaviorYou have to have the ability to reproduce the behavior in the firstMotivationPast reinforcement: traditional behavorismPromised reinforcements: incentives that we can imagineVicarious reinforcements: seeing and recalling the model being reinforcedThese are traditionally considered to be things that cause learning

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