Imbalance in numbers of eligible men and women created by WWII baby boom

Imbalance in numbers of eligible men and women

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Imbalance in numbers of eligible men and women created by WWII baby boom – because women tend to marry older men Imbalance in number of black men and women o Due to black men’s higher mortality rate 11/10/17 Why do people still get married? Incentives o State, federal, and market benefits to those who marry Social pressure o Via family ties, religious communities Imitation o Most eventually marry The benefits of marriage Some research indicates that individuals who are married are happier, healthier, and have more wealth than those who are not married o Selection o Social control o Social support and integration Cohabitation Living together as a sexual or romantic couple without being married Percentage of women who have cohabitated
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o Women with less than high school education are the most likely to have cohabitated, then high school only education is 2 nd most likely o For all categories, cohabitation has increased since 1987, regardless of education o Those with more education are less likely to cohabitate Relationship status o 1 year in, most are cohabitating o 3 years in, about 27% are still cohabitating o 5 years in, 15% are still cohabitating 11/13/17 Cohabitation before marriage most common form of cohabitation seen as acceptable stage in relationship process – gives a chance to practice marriage some couples may have plans to marry but never reach the economic goals they’ve set for marriage cohabitation instead of marriage most common among economically disadvantaged couples couples have various reasons for choosing cohabitation over marriage o one partner wants to marry the other doesn’t o if there are educational or racial/ethnic differences between partners Cohabitation after marriage among older adults, cohabitation is becoming more common among those who have been widowed or divorced less about viewing viability of relationship before marriage and more about finding long- term substitute for marriage Chapter 9: Families and Children Childbearing in the US most families have 1 to 3 children o average is 2 family size has been in decline but diversity has increased o more parents raising kids outside of marriage together o more single motherhood Childbearing: Cohabitation childbearing trends o about a third of unmarried parents are living together (cohabitating) at the time of the birth
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o while fewer parents are married now than in the past, many children are involved with more than two parents o the number of women reaching age 45 without having any children (20%) has doubled since the 1980’s childbearing: terms and concepts fertility o the number of children born in a society or among a particular group o there are different ways to quantify fertility in a given society total fertility rate (TFR) o the number of children born to the average woman in her lifetime o TFR of 2.1 referred to as Replacement Fertility Childbearing: unmarried parents Unmarried parents o
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