States only have a dormantnegative power to regulate

Info icon This preview shows pages 3–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
National gov has exclusive power to regulate interstate commerce. States only have a  “dormant”(negative) power to regulate interstate commerce. Courts balance state’s  interest vs. national interest Supremacy Clause Article VI of the Const. provides that Constituion, laws and treaties of the US are the  “supreme law of the land” Concurrent: in few areas, both states and federal gov. share powers Preemption: when congress chooses to act in a concurrent area, federal law preempts  state law Bill of Rights 10 written guarantees of protection of individual liberties from gov. interference Limits on Federal and State gov. actions and some apply to businesses 1 st  Amendment Freedom of Speech Includes “sumbolic” speech (gestures, movemtns, clothing) Unprotected: defamatory, threatening, fighting words, obscene speech Defamation: Slander; spoken. Libel; written. Any statement, true or false, that gives  someone or something a negative image Freedom of Religion Free Exercise Clause Employers must reasonably accommodate beliefs Due Process Procedural :any gov. decision to take life, liberty or property must be fair. Requires:  Notice and fair hearing Substantive: focuses on the content or the legislation (the right itself) Equal Protection Gov must treat similarly situated individuals (or businesses) in the same manner Min. scrutiny: The gov need only show that the challenged classification is rationally  related to serving a legitimate state interest
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Intermediate scrutiny: gov must show that the challenged classification serves an  important state interest and that the classification is at least substantially related to  serving that interest Gender, illlegitmacy Strict scrutiny: gov must show that the challenged classification serves a compelling  state interest and that the classification is necessary to serve that interest Race, national origin, religion… Courts  Jurisdiction “”: the power of a court to hear a dispute and to speak the law into controversy and  render a verdict that is legally binding on the parties to the dispute Over Persons/Property : power of a court to compel the presence of the parties to a  dispute to appear before court and litigate In Rem: power to decide issues relating to real or personal property. A court generally  has in rem jurisdiction over any property situated w/i its geographical borders Over subject matter: statutory limitation on the types of cases a court can hear (probate  and bankruptcy)also limited to amount in controversy (amount of monetary damages) Venue Concerned w/ the most appropriate location for the trial  Generally, proper venue is whether the injury occured Standing  to Sue
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern