Sugar affects insulin molecule in your body that

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Sugar affects insulin – molecule in your body that affects energy store o Insulin also affects hippocampus which is where your memories are formed Evolutionary Preparedness Emotions are tied intimately to survival – psychological mechanism that get us to do more of the things that are good for us and fewer of the things that are bad for us o Emotion helps us approach things like food, safety, shelter, potential maters, potential friends Disgust – emotion that allows us not to ingest things that are going to be bad for us o Facial expression of disgust closes up our nostrils, so we don’t sniff in fumes Love – emotion that motivates us toward other people to form pair bonds o Humans are a fundamentally social species – we rely on other people to form relationships o We need to cooperate, build shelters, and find mates and reproduce w/ other people o Love is instrumental to make us do things that are instrumental for passing on our genes One of the most adaptive emotions is emotion of fear Social Signaling You can think about different fear stimuli as things that were relevant for our ancestral past You can also think about the most dangerous things that people actually experience today Evolutionary preparedness – people in ancestral past easily acquired fear to certain stimuli were more likely to survive and pass on their genes o Easy for us to develop fear association w/ things that were relevant in our past o More difficult to form fear association w/ things that are more modern like cars Emotions are a very effective way of signaling information to other people or social signaling o Includes animals that show dominance & animals w/ expressions that warn others of a threat Self-referent emotions – requires sense of self or self-consciousness to have these emotions o You need knowledge of yourself & yourself in relation to a social group for these emotions o Self-referent emotions like shame, guilt, embarrassment develop relatively later in development Social-signaling is a skill that you have to learn – it does not happen automatically o You need to learn process of understanding what is going on in other people’s faces What Makes Emotions Different From One Another? There are a number of different approaches to characterize emotions
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o (1) Basic emotions approach – there is a finite number of discrete emotions Each emotion essentially has characteristics differences o (1) Subjective experience – feeling of each emotion is different in your head Ex – feeling of love is different than feeling fear or surprise or disgust o (2) Physiological nature – where in the body you feel emotion This idea didn’t go well since everyone experiences emotions in different places in body Ex – guilt might feel like pit in stomach, rage might be in shoulders or face o (3) Antecedents – what triggers the emotion, what causes the emotion There are certain things that are more likely to come before one emotion versus another Ex – fear before something that can harm you, disgust before something bad to ingest
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