Frescoes were also painted in ancient Greece, but few of these works have survived. In southern Italy, at Paestum, which was a Greek colony, a tomb containing frescoes dating back to 470 BC wasdiscovered. These frescoes depict scenes of the life and society of ancient Greece, and constitute valuable historical testimonials. One shows a group of men reclining at a banquet and another shows a man diving into the sea.A fresco is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other large permanentsurface. A distinguishing characteristic of fresco painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture.The fresco is the art of painting wet plaster. Doing this the plaster absorbs the paint and becomes part of the plaster itself. As a result of the method the painting last as long as the plaster. Many of the famous artists used this method when doing their paintings such as Michelangelo each one having their own technique and even secret recipe to their plaster. One of the ways this method of painting was known to be done was to first sketch the painting on paper and frescos usually being very large the sketches were large. Then the paper with the sketch was put on the wet plaster. Pin holes were then made through the paper tracing the sketch completely. After that a bag filled with charcoal powder was then dabbed on the paper following the pin holes. The paper was then removed leaving a charcoal outline of the sketch on the wet plaster. The final step would be for the artist to paint the image before the plaster dries. This form of painting was very tedious and demanding for each step the plaster had to be just right in terms of moisture. It couldn’t be too dry or too wet. In this process timing was everything. In some cases the plaster of the painting had to be scraped off because it had dried too much and the artist would have to start over. The process took a very long time in most cases. But in doing this method paintings had a much longer life span such as Michelangelo’s paintings which are still mint more than 500 years later. Compared to some paintings done not in the fresco method such as the last supper which over time has worn and faded.
Question 222.5 / 2.5 pts