iii. Military allows demonstrations to continue, they grow rapidly- protests in Beijing go beyond students. 1. April 21-22- 10 thousand protestors 2. April 27- over 300,000 (during Gorbachev’s visit)- state controlled media reports what they are seeing; demonstrations breaking out all over China. 3. May 17- 2 million protestors in Tiananmen Square 4. Period of crisis in China; government not willing to back down- students begin to debate employing violence. 5. June 3-4- Tiananmen Square Massacre Government sends the tanks into Tiananmen Square. (Death toll as high as 4,000 students) - many prominent dissidents flee the country. VII. The Rise of the Falun Gong a. Spiritual movement that combines elements of Buddhism with meditation and exercise. Practitioners believe it leads to physical and spiritual well-being 50 million members, the largest non-Communist Party organization in China. c. Adherents to Falun Gong practice openly in city parks, in other public places. 1) Have demonstrated in Tiananmen Square urging the government accept their religion; insistence that this is not a political organization. d. Confrontation with President Hu Jintao in the White House Rose Garden VIII. The New Cold War? a. When I was your age, we were talking about the possible beginning of a new Cold War vs. China. b. Hainan Island incident (April 2001) c. Then September 11 th occurs…American foreign policy shifts focus to the Middle East.
d. With an end to Iraq War, and drawing down in Afghanistan on horizon, there is strong evidence that the Obama Administration intends to look East. e. American allies in Asia very worried about the dramatic increase of Chinese power; does it alter the balance of Southeast Asia? f. Beijing Olympics- China’s coming out party? g. Last year, China overtakes Japan as the world’s second largest economy… a very symbolic moment whose importance was not lost on the two rivals. h. Japan, Taiwan, S. Korea hope to keep American involvement in the region.
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