DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 9 of 28 totemism derived from the word ote

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Question 9 of 28 Totemism (derived from the word ote in the Ojibway dialect of the Algonquian language) is a religious belief involving animal spirits that is frequently associated with shamanistic religions. Your Answer: Explanation The basis of totemism is the animistic conception of nature. Question 10 of 28 Totemism involved a group of beliefs and customs wherein an intimate relation existed between an individual or a group of individuals and a class of natural objects known as a person or group's totem. Your Answer:
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Explanation The main features in the religious aspect of totemism are shown in the rites and ceremonies performed with a view to show or to attain identity with the totem. Thus, at solemn totemic festivals the totem animal is sacrificed and eaten even by its own clan. Question 11 of 28 An impersonal, supernatural force that exists within certain people or objects and is believed to give strength or success is called mana. Your Answer: Explanation Among Melanesian and Polynesian peoples, mana is a supernatural force or power that may be ascribed to inanimate objects, persons, or spirits and may be either good or evil, beneficial or dangerous. Question 12 of 28 A myth is a story, which has deep explanatory or symbolic resonance for a culture. It is therefore to be distinguished from fables, folktales, fairy tales, anecdotes, or simple fiction. Your Answer: Explanation The term is sometimes used pejoratively in reference to common beliefs of a culture or for the beliefs of a religion to imply that the story is both fanciful and fictional. Question 13 of 28 A mythology is a relatively cohesive set of myths: stories that comprise a certain religion or belief system. Your Answer: Explanation Mythology figures prominently in most religions, and most mythology is tied to at least one religion. Question 14 of 28 A taboo is a strong social prohibition, which can relate to any area of human activity. Your Answer: Explanation Breaking of the taboo is considered abhorrent by the society. For instance, in some Hindu societies, killing the totem (cow) is Taboo. Taboos can include dietary restrictions (halal and kosher diets, religious vegetarianism, cannibalism for example), restrictions on sexual activities and relationships (homosexuality, incest, bestiality, pedophilia), and use of language.
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Question 15 of 28 "Shaman " is an Evenki term for a religious figure; who performs, essentially, an analogous function to that of a "medicine man". Such persons attempt to provide medical care via supernatural means such as magic. Your Answer: Explanation One of a shaman's main functions is to protect individuals from hostile supernatural influences. He or she deals with both good and bad spirits, performs sacrifices and procures oracles.
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