2. Agrarian casesJurisdiction over agrarian cases was transferredfrom the RTC to the Department of Agriculture. It istaken cognizance of by DARAB which has its own rulesof procedure.EVIDENCE MEOW NOTES3
3. Rules of Summary ProcedureAffidavits take the place of testimonies in court.You cannot testify unless you previously executed anaffidavit.4. Rules of procedure for small claims casesThe plaintiff merely fills up a form and files it inthe court. He will just wait for the case to be called andthe court will receive the testimony right then andthere. The defendant then presents evidence and on thenext day, a ruling is issued.Sec. 3. Admissibility of evidence. — Evidence isadmissible when it is relevant to the issue and is notexcluded by the law or these rules.According to Section 3, admissibility of evidenceis determined by two factors:1.It is relevant to the fact in issue; and2.It is not excluded by law or these rules.Distinguish admissibility of evidence from weight ofevidence:Evidence is admissible when it is relevant to theissue and is not excluded by law or the rules. Theevidence is admissible when it is considered competent;whereas weight of the evidence means the credibilityofthe evidence – whether or not the evidence isbelievable – subject to the appreciation of the court.Admissibility does not equate to credibility.There mere fact that evidence is admissibledoes not mean that it is also credible. Credibilitydepends on the evaluation given to the evidence by thecourt in accordance with the guidelines provided in theRules of Court and the doctrines laid down by the Court.(Pp vs. Agripa, 1992).Hence a particular evidence may be admissiblebut it has no weight. Conversely, evidence may be ofgreat weight or importance but it is not admissible.AdmissibilityWeight (Credibility)The character or qualitywhich any material mustnecessarily possess for it tobe accepted and allowed tobe presented or introducedas evidence in court.It answers the question:should the court allow thematerial to be used asevidence by the party? Thevaluegivenorsignificance or impact, orimportance given to thematerial after it has beenadmitted; its tendency toconvince or persuade.Two axioms or principles which underlie the structureof the law of evidence(conditions of admissibilityaccording to Wigmore):1.Axiom of relevancyNone but facts having a rationalprobative value are admissible.2.Axiom of competencyAll facts having rational probative valueare admissible unless some specific rules forbid.PP vs. VALDEZ (2000)FACTS:Valdez was allegedly caught in flagrante delictoand without authority of law, planted, cultivated fullygrown marijuana plants.ISSUE: Whether or not the evidence should be admitted.