9. What was the result of India's encounters with Turks, Mongols, and Islam? 10. How did states develop along the maritime trade routes of Southeast Asia and beyond? 11. What made possible the expansion of the Chinese economy, and what were the outcomes of this economic growth? 12. How did the civil service examinations and the scholar-official class shape Chinese society and culture, and what impact did the Mongol conquest have on them? 13. How did Korean society and culture develop in an age when its northern neighbors were Khitans, Jurchens, and Mongols? 14. How did the Heian form of government contribute to the cultural flowering of Japan in the period? 15. What were the causes and consequences of military rule in Japan? 16. How did medieval rulers overcome internal divisions and external threats, and work to create larger and more stable territories?17. How did the Christian Church enhance its power and create new institutions and religious practices?