Where Native Americans were herded by the federal government after giving up their ancestral land for the promise of being left alone with food and clothing they were never sufficiently taken care of)12
E.Many American Indians preserved their cultures and tribal identities despite government policies promoting assimilation, and they attempted to develop self-sustaining economic practices. Examples: Carlisle Indian School (1879), Dawes Act (1887), Ghost Dance movement (1890) Key Concept 6.3: The “Gilded Age” witnessed new cultural and intellectual movements in tandem with political debates over economic and social policies. I.New cultural and intellectual movements both buttressed and challenged the social order of the Gilded Age. A. Social commentators advocated theories later described as Social Darwinismto justify the success of those at the top of the socioeconomic structure as both appropriate and inevitable. Examples: Social Darwinism, laissez faire policies, Russell Conwell’s Acres of Diamonds sermon, Horatio Alger’s “rags to riches” dime novels, American Protective Association (1887), Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) Surrender of Chief Joseph Succeeded his father Tuekakas as the leader of the Wal-lam-wat-kain band of Nez Perce, a Native American tribe indigenous to the Wallowa Valley in northeastern Oregon, in the interior Pacific Northwest region of the United States.Tired of running from the U.S. Army. "Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph spoke these words during his surrender in the Bear Paw Mountains of MontanaExampleDefinition/DescriptionSignificance to the ThesisDawes Act Adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.Attempted to assimilate the Indian population into that of the AmericanGhost Dance movement A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to fight. It was crushed at the Battle of Wounded Knee after spreading to the Dakota SiouxLed to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887. This act tried to reform Indian tribes and turn them into "white" citizens. It did little good.ExampleDefinition/DescriptionSignificance to the Thesis13
B. Some business leaders argued that the wealthy had a moral obligation to help the less fortunate and improve society, as articulated in the idea known as the Gospel of Wealth, and they made philanthropic contributions that enhanced educational opportunities and urban environments. Examples: Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth (1899), Carnegie public libraries, Stanford University, Vanderbilt University C. A number of artists and critics, including agrarians, utopians, socialists, and advocates of the Social Gospel, championed alternative visions for the economy and U.S. society.
- Fall '16
- Looking Backward, Native Americans in the United States