2 so whom is the profiting off of these newly

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have work, much of it is in farming, textiles and manufacturing” (p.2). So whom is the profiting off of these newly constructed buildings and stores that are going to be implemented in to the Zambian culture; especially if only a portion of the people of Zambia are actually working? According to the text Economy and Globalization in Zambia , “before it was colonized, Zambia was inhabited by a large number of different tribes, organized into chieftaincies and monarchies. There was an active trading network in copper, ivory, rhino horn and slaves” (p.2). This illustrates to us that, Zambia was functioning very well for themselves before the British came in and started tampering with their way of live. It seems to me that they were fine with their “socialist independence,” but when democracy was forced upon them by the Europeans, things began to go downhill. When Africa became colonized, the British government was interested in Zambia because of the fact that 90 percent of Zambia’s exports were copper and during this time the Industrial Revolution was taking place so this was a favored commodity. The Zambians were
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used as forced laborers or slaves, and did not benefit nor make any profit from the copper and other raw materials that they were mining from the British Government. Although, in 1964 Zambia gained their independence from British rule and the newly implemented leader, Kenneth Kuanda, began to maintain Zambia under a Socialist Economic Model. GDP began to rise, but was later halted when the worth of copper fell in the world market during the Mid-1970s. In the text, Economy and Globalization in Zambia , the author also illustrates that, “In 1996, Zambia was identified by the international as a highly indebted poor country (HIPC), which made them part of an initiative to ensure that no poor country faced a burden that it could not manage. However, this requires the completion of a number of controversial conditions, such as macroeconomic stability and economic re-structuring according to the recommendations of the IMF and World Bank” (p.13). This appears as if this could be a ploy just so bigger countries can keep their foot in Zambia. If Zambia stays an indebted poor country, then they have to rely on and be dependent upon the World Bank and other wealthier countries to take care of them when they need the help. In 2002, when Zambia had a severe famine and drought, the Zambian government had to decide between letting their people starve or feed them potentially harmful food (genetically modified food aid). The World Food Programme had sent thousands of tonnes of emergency food aid, to help with the starvation and famine. Many of the aid came from bigger countries such as the US who produce genetically modified maize and other products. After months of intense deliberation, the Zambian government decided to reject the Genetically Modified food because of the how harmful it could be to the health of the Zambian people. In the article “Controversy rages over ‘GM’ food aid,” the author brings it to the attention that,
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