Non judgmental listening is to help understanding it

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Critical thinking helps us analyze and evaluate the message we listen to.Non-judgmental listening is to help understanding.It is good idea to listen non-judgmentally first, then supplement with critical listening.The process of critical listening involve:oKeeping an open mindoAvoiding filtering or oversimplifying complex messagesoRecognizing your own biasesoListening to the entire message.oRecognizing fallacies that interfere with validity and consistency of information:Name callingTestimonial (image associated to gain approval)Band wagon /bænd wæ · nˈˌɡ ə/ - activity or idea has become very popularAgenda setting – theory in mass communication that the media have the ability todetermine which issues are important to public.AttackComprehensive (complete) listening– when we want to learn, understand, and recall information.Listening to the instructors.Involve listening for the obvious and literal, listening for another deeper meaning.
Appreciative listening– when we want to enjoy and appreciate the messagewe listen to.It also means listening for pleasure, e.g., listening to a comedian for fun, theatrical, movie, television or internet presentation for entertainment, or a motivational speaker for inspiration.Defensive listening– interpret message as criticism and personal attacks. Pseudo-listening– we pretend to listen even though we focus on our own thoughts and miss the speaker’s message.Confrontational listening– we listen carefully for flaws in a message to refute them or attack the speaker in response. Literal listening– listen to message on the content level and ignore message at the relationship level when we overlook non-verbal communicationand the emotional tone of a message.Obstacles in effective listening:Message overloadPreocupation– we’re too often wrapped up in our own thought to receive message and listen effectively.Message complexity– message are complicated and we may tune out as a resut.Noise:oSemantic noise – words connected with meaning.oPsychological noise (tired, hungry, preoccupied with another matter)Selectivity.Selective Listening – when we attend to some parts of a message and ignore others
Active listening– require us to to be attentive to others, expend mental and emotional energy to understand and respond in an effective and appropriate mannerCivil listening– requires that we keep an open mind and treat others as equaleven if we dislike their opinions. Improve civil listening by:1.Planning our listening – make conscious effort2.Demonstrating that we are listening3.Becoming fully involved with a speakerFurther Define and outline (briefly explain):The Listening Stages to include 6 stages:1.hearing(passive reception of sound)2.Understandingoccurs when we comprehend what we hear.3.Rememberingwhen we recall specifics.4.Interpretingis the stage where listening and thinking connect and we being to make sense of the information received.5.Evaluating– analyze message to make sense of them and test our conclusions.6.Responding– sending feedback.

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