oriented to be active members of its economic, cultural and political life. Re-trafficking according to Zimmerman, Hossain and Watts (2011), results from unemployment and financial crisis that makes people accept offers from traffickers. Clinical RisksZimmerman, Hossain and Watts (2011) suggest that the risks and health consequences of the trafficked begin even before the trafficking process of recruitment. It continues throughout the process as people endure exploitation, and even gets worse when they are free from ‘slavery.’Mental HarmPsychological health practitioners need more insight to understand the effects of sex trafficking on youths, as they are the most vulnerable group during their adolescent stage[Ver13]. According to Choi (2015), mental health disorders are highly predominant in DMST victims, which include post-traumatic stress, anxiety, depression, and psychoticism. Victims maydevelop drug addiction trauma experiences, and sometimes Stockholm syndromes. “Because I was a virgin, the men who brought me to the US to work as a prostitute initiated me by raping me again and again,” says 14 year old Rosa [Mol15].Physical HarmHuman trafficking leads to physical and sexual detriments and subjects the victims to marginalization, occupational, and legal restrictions and difficulties [Zim11]. Tina Frundt, a former child prostitute, was beaten for accusing her pimp of breaking her arm. “When I said ‘youbroke my arm,’ he hit me and asked me again. I had to say I fell.” [Mol15]. Also, according to
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LITERATURE REVIEW FOR SEX TRAFICKING6Zimmerman, Hossain and Watts (2011), psychological disorders, Sexual, and reproductive healthconstraints are experienced by those subjected to early childhood sexual abuse. Victims are not given access to health services unless the condition is debilitating. Furthermore, medical health in some settings is offered by unqualified personnel, leading severe injuries and sometimes death.ConclusionTo address trafficking risks, countries across the sector should intervene and coordinate toenhance protection of victims and their recovery process.
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