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2016). Nursing practice changes daily along with healthcare needs of patients. Improving technology changes the way that healthcare workers perform duties. For this research proposal, it
RESEARCH PROPOSAL: EFFECTS OF HAND WASHING5will be important to research the previous MRSA and nosocomial infection rates in healthcare facilities to determine if there is a decrease with compliant of wearing gloves and handwashing. There are numerous studies available in the literature focused on hospital inquired infections. Infection control is a critical and possible life-threatening concern in the healthcare community. Therefore, understanding the characteristics and trends of infection control is imperative for nursing researchers and nursing disciplines to identify issues related to infection control, and to evaluate if the research focus and approach are appropriate to solve the related problems in clinical practice (Kim & Choi, 2013). During the hospital stay, many patients are exposed to bacteria and pathogens that may be spread from person to person or caused by treatment such as indwelling catheters. It is imperative that healthcare personnel are compliant with handwashing protocol and gloves. Most research reports were quantitative studies and descriptive studies that focused on knowledge, attitudes, and performance of infection control. For example, Wilson and colleagues (2015) found poor compliance with healthcare workers in the removal of gloves and hand washing with healthcare episodes involving more than one procedure being performed on the same patient. They also found that nurses would wear gloves but they did not follow standard precautions of washing hands prior to putting the gloves on. A study by Wilson et al. (2015) focused on the “Hawthorne effect” in which a person behavior maybe different because they are aware that they are being monitored, and in this case, nurses were being compliant during the study and thereafter returned to non-compliance when not being observed and infection rate did not decrease. Another factor that is very important in decreasing the spread of hospital-acquired infection is education to the patients and families about the importance of hand washing and precautions. The medical staff in healthcare facilities are a valuable asset to the patient’s and their families to provide protection and ensure their well-being
RESEARCH PROPOSAL: EFFECTS OF HAND WASHING6while hospitalized. According to statistics from World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of patients are affected by healthcare-associated infections worldwide each year, leadingto significant mortality and financial burden due to lengthy hospital stays. There have been numerous studies performed and determined that handwashing is the key to decreasing infection. A major concern during literature review was that after educational programs on hand hygiene, there was still no decrease in the percentage of hospital-acquired infections. Nurses play an important role in infection control and should be knowledgeable of the