There are studies which indicate that when a persons

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Bremers, Van Crombrugge, Menheere, Kars & Savelberg, 2013). There are studies which indicate that when a person's lifestyle involves being inactive most of the time, they may be affected by skeletal muscle insulin resistance and abnormalities related to lipid production. In a report published on the PLOS website in 2013, it was identified that walking is the best exercise for individuals who stay inactive during the rest of their day. The study involved the use of inactivity measures that check the energy expenditure of respondents on a 24/7 basis.17 women and three men were studied under free-living conditions, and all of them followed three activity regimes within a four-day timeframe. The study involved a counterbalanced random crossover methodology. In the sitting group, the respondents sat for 14 hours, walked for one hour, stood for one hour and slept for 8 hours each day. For the group that engaged in exercises, the subjects only sat for one hour, cycled vigorously for one hour and engaged in the same activity like the other regime. Members of the minimum physical activity group were asked to sit for four hours and stood for 2 hours. The exercise and the minimal intensity physical activity groups differed in terms of how long they sat but had similar energy expenditure. In addition, the two groups spent different time periods while sitting and lying. However, they had identical usage of energy. Time taken during physical activity and walking at the time of the exercise and minimal intensity physical activity groups were designed to lead to a similar rise in DEE level. A random design was used in the order of
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NUTRITION FOR HEALTH AND SPORT 4 the groups. Apart from cycling vigorously for one hour each day for the exercise regime, the subjects were not allowed to take part in any other kind of activity. They were allowed a washout period of not less than ten days between each activity. During this time, these respondents maintained their normal daily activities. In addition, they consumed the same amount of calories although their diet was not controlled. During the four days, assessment of physical activity was done. The two variables were measured on the fourth day of every regime. Based on the findings, the sitting regime had a negative daily expenditure of around 500 kcal less than the two other regimes. "The area covered below the curve for insulin in the OGTT was lower after the minimal intensity PA regime compared to both sitting and exercise regimes 6727.3±4329.4 vs. 7752.0±3014.4 and 8320.4±5383.7 mU•min/ml, respectively" (Duvivier, Schaper, Bremers, Van Crombrugge, Menheere, Kars & Savelberg, 2013).
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