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they bound their feet as a way to confine them to the home. He says lust is a social construction; there is no natural thing as lust orsexual pleasure.Emperor Guangxu - Guangxu power was just starting to emerge; the real power laid inthe hands of the despotic woman... Empress Dowager (widowed ruler) Cixi. Not until 1895 did he start to come out of her shadows and assert himself. By 1898 reformers had convinced the young emperor that reform was necessary. This led to a very optimistic 100 days of very dramatic changes.Empress Dowager Cixi (she she a boss)- Virulently anti-foreignBut grew to oppose reforms aimed at “modernization”Encourages reform at first, then as she gains political power she turns from them and becomes conservativeSeen as out of touch, wasteful, using money for useless things (stone boat)Was good for the aristocrats, but not the peopleNullifies reforms, imprisons emperor
Summer Palace- Built by using Naval funding; showed one of the reason why Chinese self-strengthening movement failed-extra af basically Japan’s Path to ReformPresident Fillmore’s overture- a letter sent to Japanese emperor to discuss opening trade with Japan. In the letter, Pres. Fillmore assured that the Americans won’t try to open Japan by force. He advocated for trading between these two nations claimed that trading is beneficial for both side. He expressed his understanding of traditional Japanese laws forbidden contact with other nations, but he mentioned everything had a starting point. Japan should at least try to trade with others. -1852(chill dude?)Commodore Matthew Perry‟s arrival Europeans, Americans attempting to establish relations in AsiaJapan only allowed Dutch presence in Nagasaki American naval officer that arrived to Japan in 1853 with gunships.He was sent by President Fillmore to “negotiate” with Japan to force them open border for trade. (need to add more)The Japanese, who were aware of China’s recent defeat by the technologically superior Western powers in the Opium Wars, decided to agree to Perry’s terms as a way of stalling for time while theyimproved their defenses.Perry used military threat (black ships) to force Japan to sign the Convention of Kanagawa of 1854, which opened Japan to foreign tradeJapan not want asses kicked so Perry win <- WHOS MAN LMAO (this just made my studying 1000000 times better. dying) THANK YOU FOR MAKING ME AWAKE AT 4AM LOLTokugawa Bakufu - literally the shogunate. The Tokugawa shogunate controlled japan as theon holding military and executive power. They are the samurai class. Emperor during this time was just a figurehead. By the time Perry arrived, the Tokugawa shogunate had been in charge for hundreds of years.Sonno Joi (so like no joy? push em out)-Sonno Joi—“Revere the Emperor, expel the barbarians”Represented by the powerful Mito faction daimyos and samuraibn“Buying time” not a good argumentrereUsing the traditional tools and values to defeat the foreignersRepresented by the powerful Mito factions of daimyos and samurais