Describe the 4 stages of perception attitudes and

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Describe the 4 stages of perception.
THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT8Broadbent (1958) discussed with his filter model the concept of perceptive vigilance.Broadbent argued that, because of limited capacity, a person must process the details selectivelyon the one hand and therefore, only process the percipient's perceptual system processes, whenpresented with data from two different channels (i.e., delivery methods, such as visual andauditory). However, perceptual protection creates an internal barrier that limits external stimulipassing through the process of perception when the stimuli do not correspond to the currentbeliefs, behaviors, motivation and so on(Borkowski, 2016, p.59).This is known as selectiveperception. Selective perceptive results when a person selectively interprets what he or she seesbased on beliefs, experiences, or attitudes limiting the processing for external stimuli.Attribution Theory is a social psychological concept, which enables people to explainwhy things happen and is more concerned with the cognitive perceptions of people than with theunderlying reality of events(Borkowski, 2016, p.59). Therefore, when the impact of externalfactors is underestimated and internally influenced by behavioral judgments, the fundamentalattribution error occurs. Self-serving prejudice is the tendency of persons to ascribe their ownsuccesses to internal factors and blame external factors for failures(Borkowski, 2016, p.60).When employees make contributions to a negative work event, they tend to underline internalfactors such as ability, motivation or personality characteristics and stress (external) situationfactors. They are more sensitive than other factors. For example, because of their attributes someemployees are "high achievers." They approach tasks instead of avoiding them, for because oftheir skill and effort they are confident of success(Borkowski, 2016, p.60).

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Term
Spring
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Management, Douglas McGregor

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