do and approve of but not be influenced by them to comply 49 A Social Norm

Do and approve of but not be influenced by them to

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do and approve of, but not be influenced by them to comply) 49 A Social Norm Exists Within a Reference Group 50 Social Norm Basics III Maintained by Social Regulation: Approval by others (including anticipation of positive social sanctions) and Disapproval by others (including anticipation of negative social sanctions) 51 What are some social sanctions? 52
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10/21/19 14 A Social Norm Can Compel You to Do Something You Personally Don’t Want to Do 53 54 Obedience of Law Standard Story People obey law Because they believe the authority is legitimate ( moral ) Or because they fear legal punishment Seldom mentioned: because of a social norm of legal obedience 55 Why Failure to Obey the Law? No social norm of legal obedience Can even be a social norm of legal defiance (Bogotá), or, New legal norm is too far from current social norm, Or both 56
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10/21/19 15 When there is No Social Norm of Legal Obedience 57 Evidence on Legal Obedience US Criminology: Influence of Extralegal Sanctions Nagin and Pogarsky (2001, 869) “A belief that illicit conduct is wrong [ moral ], and the fear of peer disapproval, embarrassment, or social stigma [ social ] discourage offending behavior .” Further, several studies investigating the relative strength of both sanction forms find the “conforming influence of extralegal sanctions to be far greater than that from legal sanctions .” 58 Citizenship Culture as Public Policy: experiences of social change at an urban scale Javier Guillot MPP program, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin, Germany with the support of DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) & Corpovisionarios, Bogotá, Colombia Major abridgement and minor edits by Gerry Mackie Used and modified by permission * 59 Why Social Transformation in Bogotá & Medellín, but not in Cali? by GM 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 92-94 Peaks 2002 2012 Homicides per 100,000 Three Largest Cities in Colombia Medellín Bogotá Cali Wo rld 60
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10/21/19 16 61 Mayor Antanas Mockus, Bogotá Core Moral Motivations Slide by GM Life is Sacred Talk not Violence 62 Mockus’s starting point: recognition of three different systems of norms that may regulate citizens’ behavior The citizenship culture challenge: to harmonize these behavior-regulating systems Authority’s penalties [fear] Legitimacy of authority / respect for the law Bad conscience [guilt] Good conscience Disapproval [shame] Approval Legal norms Moral norms Social norms positive reasons negative reasons [typical emotion in violator] (adapted: Mackie et al. 2012) 63 The one most important reason for ME to follow the law A MORAL, good conscience or bad conscience B SOCIAL, approval and acceptance by others C SOCIAL, disapproval and rejection by others D LEGAL, ”legitimacy,” respect for the law E LEGAL, fear of legal punishment 64
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10/21/19 17 The one most important reason OTHERS have to follow the law A MORAL, good conscience or bad conscience B SOCIAL, approval and acceptance by others C SOCIAL, disapproval and rejection by others
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