Volcanoes National Park, where you can see lava flowing, ¡a in Hawaii.
John, whose notebook 1 borrowed yesterday, ¡a the best student in our class, Vincent van Gogh, who eventually went mad, was a br/II/ant art/st. h ra mm a r ) UNIT 4 Speculation and Deduction •To speculate about the present, we use might, may ur could: Who is that in the red jacket? It might be John—he has a red jacket. Or it could be Jake—he’s a fan of the Cardinais. •To make deductions abuut the presnt, we use must and can’t: Whose is that car in the garage? It must be my mom’s she is the only at one home. It can’t be Dad’s he is still at work. •To make deductions and speculations about present activities, we use must/might/may/could/can‘t + be + -ing: What’s that terrible noise? It might be a car starting. It could be a plane tlying overhead. It can’t be a dog barking. •To speculate about the past, we use might/may/could have + past participle: Who ate my hot dog? •To make deductions abuut the past, we use must have and couldn’t have + past participle: Who ate my hot dog? It couldn’t have been AIex—he’s a vegetarian. It must have been your dog. Like vs As Like is a preposition. It is followed by a nuun ur a prunuun: This ¡ce cream tastes like fish! I’m Iike my brother. We’re both hot-tempered. As is a conjunction. It is folluwed by a clause. We often use as with it: This ice cream tastes as it it was made with fish! I get angry very quickly, as does my brother. In informal English, Iike sometimes is used instead uf as: It Iooks Iike John ‘s party wasn ‘t a success. He is in a terrible mood. We use the zero conditiunal tu talk about things that are always true if something happens, such as scientific facts, general truths, habits and ruutines. We often se when instead uf it in the condition: It you heat ice, it melts. You cross the Atlantic Ocean when you travel trom the UK to the USA. It I’m sad, I listen to music.
First Conditional We use the first cunditional to talk about things that are possible in the present or the future: If it rains, we’ll watch TV. It we go to the movies, we’ll have to stand in Iine. •ln the condition clause, we can also use the present continuous, the present perfect, can or going to. In the result clause, we can use different modal verbs: It you’re going tu visit Grandma thís weekend, you might meet her triend Duns. It you have tinished the housework, we can go out. Second Conditional Unreal present or future condition •We use the second cunditional to talk about the result of an unreal present or future condition: If I won a million dollars, I would buy you a new car. If a new clothing store opened in my town tomorrow, 1 would definitely visit it. •In the condition clause, we can use the past continous or could. •In the result clause, we can use could, might or would be + -ing: If 1 were studying for my final exams, I would be working a lot harder than you are.
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- Fall '20
- Grammatical tense, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical tenses, Gerund