Mexican texas according to the mexican federal

This preview shows page 5 - 6 out of 20 pages.

Mexican TexasAccording to the Mexican federal constitution of 1824, the inhabitants of Texas enjoyed a high degree of autonomy.Texas was virtually independent.Evidence of Texas autonomy: 1829: Mexican governmentoutlawed slavery.Texas state government preserved slavery.1828-1830: reorganization of Mexican government into a central government.Supreme authority in Mexico came from government in Mexico City;Re-organization designed to limit states’ rights.New central government sought to increase its control over Texas by:Restricting immigration;Outlawing slavery; andRaising taxes.Texans (American settlers in Texas) outraged by new central Mexican government:Since they were already highly independent, Texans believed that they should enjoy the right to govern themselves.Some Texans defended their autonomy by claiming that their ethnicity and culture were superior to Mexican ethnicity and culture.Mexicans seen as “mongrelSpanish-Indian”.Other Texans went to an extreme, calling for independence from Mexico.Mexican Constitution of 1836: more power for the federal government centered in Mexico City.Virtually eliminated Mexican states’ political autonomy.Including Texas’s.Constitution further alienated Texans.Texas Revolution, 1835-1836In response to the Constitution of 1836, Texas residents revolted against Mexican government and declared itself an independent republic.Uprising an alliance between Texans and Mexican residents of Texas.Known as Tejanos.Elite Tejanosshared political power with Texans.Republic of Texas appealed to the United States for annexation.United States government refused to annex Texas.Fear that annexation wouldcause conflict with Mexico;Annexation of Texas would tip the scales in favor of slave states.Violation of the Missouri Compromise.War broke out in 1835 between Texas and Mexico.Mexican President Santa Anna personally led Mexican forces against Texas rebels.Santa Anna vicious against Texas rebels.Goliad, Texas: executed 365rebels.Santa Anna’s actions resulted in U.S. (verbal) opposition.Battle of the Alamo (March1836):Mexican army overwhelmed the Texas rebels at the Alamo fort in San Antonio.Mexico won the battle, but incurred heavy losses.April 1836: Texan general Sam Houston defeated and captured Santa Anna at San Jacinto.Santa Anna made two treaties with Texas rebels, one public and one secret.Public: Mexico would not take up arms against Texas.End to the fighting.Private: in return for his release and safe passage to Veracruz, Santa Anna would recognize the sovereignty of the Republic of Texas.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture