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17) States’ Rights the idea that states have the right to challenge and nullify the federal government
18.18) Federalists and Anti Federalists Anti-federalist: those who opposed the ratification of the constitution favored the establishment of a strong national government 19.19) Nullification the idea the states can nullify or invalidate a federal law20.20) State of Nature life nasty brutish and short 21.21) Natural Inalienable Rights life, liberty, property and happiness22.22) Divine Right of Kings who provides legitimacy to the state?? God23) Thomas Hobbes believed people were inherently bad. Favored absolute monarchy. Doesn’t have a firm stance of rebellion against government 24) John Locke believes people are passive and will avoid conflict. Rebel If government infringes on inalienable rights 25) Jean Jacques Rousseau happiness is doing that you will “the pursuit of happiness” inalienable rights “life, liberty, and happiness” 26) Montesquieu empowered and separate judiciary system 27) Declaration of Independence the declaration of independence from Brittan, told them all of the reasons why they were leaving. List of grievances 28) Missouri Compromise slavery. Below a certain line (mason-dixon) were slave states and above that line were free states. Balance slave states and free states29) Compromise of 1850 allowed California to come in as a free state even though it was below the Mason-Dixon line and Texas come in as a slave state 30) Kansas Nebraska Act nullified the Missouri compromise. States could decide if they wanted to come in as a free or slave state.