ParliamentaryPartyinthelastdecadesofthe19thcenturybutbytheen...

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Parliamentary Party in the last decades of the 19th century, but by the end of the  century, a more radical position calling for full independence was revived by the  militant political organization called: Zionism Revolution of 1905 caused by: Russia's defeat in the Russo-Japanese War. Dreyfus Affair saw the rise of anti-semitism in French society Freud Bismark enacted several measures concerning national health legislation because he wanted to  win the loyalty of the German working class Futurism – introduced bt FT Marinetti – aggressive new art movement influenced by technology  and the bustle of urban life German Social Democratic Party – became the model Marxist party in the late 19 th  century Charles Darwin Ship: MS Beagle Classical conditioning – psychological school of behaviorism 2 forms of Marxism: social democratic party and the social revolutionary party
Russification – Russian Tsar Nicholas II The July Crisis Triple Entente – Allied Powers o British, France, and Russia Triple Alliance – Central Powers o Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy Scramble for colonies sparked fierce arm races at home o You were superior if you had superior firearms The Balkan Peninsula had long been a satellite of the Ottoman Empire Bosnia Chapter 25: Turmoil Between the Wars Pages 849 – 871 The Emergence of Fascism in Italy War had cost $15 billion and 700,000 lives Had long-standing problems that were only made worse due to the war o Inflation and unemployment The Rise of Mussolini Mussolini – “I am fascism” Insisted that Italy should remain neutral in 1914 Organized groups called fasci to help drum up support for the war 1919 – Mussolini drafted the original platform of the fascist party Reorganized the economy and labor – taking away power of labor movements
Granted independence to papal in Vatican City o Guaranteed religious education in Fascism sought to restore traditional authority and at the same time mobilize all of Italian society Weimar Germany Friedrich Ebert – leader of the new government o Member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in the Reichstag “November Revolution” – fast and far-reaching, but not too revolutionary 2 months past before elections could be held – Period of crisis that verged on a civil war o During the conflict, government’s fighters murdered Rosa Luxemberg and Karl Liebknect (2 German communist leaders that became instant martyrs Aftermath gave rise to bands of militant counterrevolutionaries o Freikorps – groups of veterans Weimar was the new German government o Lasted just over 1 decade o Major economic crisis o Inflation – more printed money Economy dependand on large infusions of capital flow to Germant o US great depression Crisis created opportunity to Weimar’s opponents o Conservatives gained some sense of power Hitler and the National Socialists Nationalis emerged due to bitterness of defeat from WW2 Hitler was an Austrian citizen but enlisted in the German army

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