As a resident of territory north of 36 30 he could

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
As a resident of territory north of 36-30, he could not have been emancipated because Congress did not have the right to deprive citizens of their property without due process What does this mean? In 1839, natural right to freedom In 1857, and interpreting the same statute (the Constitution): o Blacks can’t be citizens, because of their race o Blacks are property, and property can be bought and sold o Takes Amistad case and reverses it entirely Note the Constitution did not change at all, yet the ruling of the two cases were completely opposite o Emancipation Proclamation Supposed to free slaves in southern territory England wanted to support the South for its cotton But slavery (including ownership) was illegal in England o So the English did not involve themselves in war o Lincoln kept England out of the war So it was a great political statement It did not free one slave since it only applied to southern rebellion states where it could not be enforced In New Orleans (northern territory), slavery was legal In the rest of Louisiana, slavery was illegal Led to Civil War Amendments 1865 – 13 th Amendment o Outlawed slavery everywhere in US o The issue that had been a thorn in the side for over a century was now settled 1865 – 14 th Amendment o All persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens of US No state shall abridge the privileges of the US o Overrode Dread Scott, which said blacks were property o Everybody who is born here or immigrated here and meets criteria is a citizen 1870—15 th Amendment o Cannot take away the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude o But it didn’t say anything about other reasons So new laws were made Literacy tests Poll tax tests o 15 th Amendment had a good idea, but it was very specific and allowed other grounds for limitations that were
Image of page 4

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
probably not in the minds of the Congressmen when it was created So these were three big changes in the fundamental document o What does it mean? o Plessy vs. Ferguson Black family got on train, were required to sit in a particular car Yes, you can keep races separate, but the treatment of both must be equal This second part regarding equality was new Decision was very liberal It didn’t work Separation was maintained, but equality was not o NAACP takes this on Looked at schools in South Schools for whites were nice, but those for minorities were not NAACP sued on the grounds of inequality The school board had to make schools equal, and they did for a while But once the NAACP moved on, the minority schools reverted to their bad practices o Constitution in terms of civil rights has not changed since Plessy vs. Ferguson during time of Brown vs. Board of Education But in Brown vs. Board of Education (mid 1950s), Supreme Court established that separate can never be equal Separate is by definition unequal Another landmark change
Image of page 5
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern