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Western educated - almost came to campus last semester (!!!)Conservative, but since they're a US ally, they have been helping out with refugees especially during ISIS messHas a lot on his plateKing Abdullah II of Jordan○He holds that position, though technically Palestine is not a stateFighting to recognize Palestine as a sovereign stateHas been in office for over a decadeIs pretty discouraged and tired and usually goes to UN all the time and just asks for freedom…Mahmoud Abbas President of Palestine○Huge power player in middle eastA lot of smart peopleAbdel Fattah el-Sisi President of Egypt○World Regions Page 22
A lot of smart peopleTerrible economyThat's why Arab Spring and Arab uprising and people got pissed and elected a new leader but also hated their new leaderUS allyWas center of Arab uprising spring for more liberal democracy and governmentSucceeded after a year or so and had election but elections put in an Islamic person to make it more like an Islamic state and so military stepped in and they're back where they started fromHosni Mubarak did the same thing - militarily gained power for 30 years and now Sisi is doing basically the same thing Those were the Arab leaders○Other areas in the Arab Spring: Lybia (Gaddafi), Mubarak (Egypt), Bin Laden, Sudan, Assad, King Abdullah, Saddam Hussein○Both are conservativeIran is a theocracyFunctioning democracy - Rouhani is the current president of Iran, he is a cleric, but he's not part of the theocracy partIn Iranian society, there is an undertone of people who want more democracy and want to liverate more people and have more human rights and want Rouhani's position to have more powerAyatollah is actually the holder of real power - thye have an election and democracy and congress and huge voter turnout, but Ayatollah has the real ultimate power, him and grou pof clerics get to veto any legislation, declare war, ultimate say in entire countryTwo different leaders, it is a theocracy so the Ayatollah does have real power but the day to day operations is by RouhaniBoth on conservative right, but Ayatollah is wayy rightRouhani may want to open back relations with US - every since Iranian Revolution, we've hated each otherPeople from Iran are PersiansAyatollah is not like King, Chancellor, or leader. He is a high priest or cleric. Mostly in Shia Islam. There are many. THE Ayatollah is Khameini (Took over from KhOmeini)Not our ally, and not liked by most Arab leaders, has more tendency to side with Russia because both anti western; Arab leaders don't like them because they don't like theocraciesAyatollah Khameini and President Hassan Rouhani of Iran○He is an asshole because most people see him as a right wing dictator Some economic growth but degradation of individual human rightsHe is the only sitting leader with a war crime out for his arrest - can't go to EuropeOmar al Bashir President of Sudan○Robert Mugabe President of Zimbabwe○World Regions Page 23