Evidence (not ironclad) that these bacteria in sufficient numbers can have beneficial effect in the treatment of diarrhea & allergies, have anti-cancer properties & can be used in ulcerative colitis Active research done today about probiotics delivery through the rear Novel treatment introduced by American gastroenterologist Larry Brandt Takes stool samples from healthy people, gives it to the intestine of a person who has clostridium difficile in their guts (which can cause chronic diarrhea) Very effective way to deal with C diff Treatment method alternatives are going to be explored further, eventually, the right bacteria will be isolated & put in a pill Prebiotics Food for bacteria Bacterial waste is beneficial Short-chain fatty acids are responsible for the benefits Necessary to feed bacteria so they multiply & produce waste Bacteria like many foods (usually in the vegetable category) High fiber foods Lactobacilli & bifidobacteria eat the fiber & produce short-chain fatty acids which promote healthy colon cell growth Can get rid of abnormal cells that can initiate cancer Evidence: by using prebiotics to multiply lacto & bifido, they will degrade nitrosamines, a carcinogen They will also bind mutagens (benzopyrenes & polycyclic aromatics) that are produced by high-temp cooking
Inhibit E. coli 0517:H7 Multiplication improves calcium absorption Inulin Fructose polymer (up to ~60 monomers of fructose) Will cause a bit of gas production Fructose oligosaccharides (FOS) has < 10 fructose monomers Where to get prebiotics? Chicory Used to make a coffee substitute Used in salads Available in extract form Clinical studies investigate effectiveness on gut Jerusalem artichoke Look like little potatoes Mash or fry them Very high in fructose polymers ° ° Salba (Chia) Seeds Ground up seeds of the salvia hispanica plant SUPPOSEDLY used by ancient Aztec warriors for energy Sprout very readily & grow quickly Dr. Vlad Vuksan (UofT) 1 of the world’s leading researchers in diabetes (especially in the use of natural products to try & control the disease) Investigated salba Rich in alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3 fatty acid chain) Not the same as omega-3 found in fish Even higher concentration than in flax seeds! Have been researched if they have a benefit in reducing risk of cardiac arrhythmia & whether they have an effect on ADHD Scientific evidence of benefit? Vuksan gave 6 tbsp of seeds/day to diabetics to see if it would improve their blood glucose levels They did not find that, but what they did find was a somewhat(not a lot, but significant) systolic blood pressure, in the C-reactive protein (marker for inflammation) & in a clotting factor in the blood (could argue risk of stroke & heart disease) Marketers see this evidence; hype it up more that what science shows us Also possible that there are many other grains that would deliver the goods as well (nothing really special about salba)
In the study, they just compared salba to wheat grain ° °
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