Blown out of proportion No theological support for either side until 1054 when

Blown out of proportion no theological support for

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Blown out of proportion: No theological support for either side until 1054 when people started digging o West: Passover (day of Last Supper) = use of matza cracker
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o East: Last Supper was the day after Passover, so no crackers; also, the bread hasn’t risen (breathed), so it symbolizes a dead Christ Pope Leo IX sends envoy to Patriarch of Constantinople Cerularius, but he kept the guy waiting o Envoy gets frustrated, interrupts Mass at the Hagia Sophia, and tells the Patriarch that the Pope has excommunicated him, the Emperor, and essentially the entire eastern church Patriarch of Constantinople counters by excommunicating the Pope, the Emperor, and the western church Church split becomes permanent o West = Roman church; East = Orthodox church o Council of Lyon (1274) Comes close to reuniting the churches, but doesn’t quite get there o Council of Ferrara/Florence Emperor tries to reunite the church to get help against the Muslims They agree to reunite, but the people don’t o Reunion in name only Byzantium in the West Trade o Byzantines are the middlemen between Europe, Asia, and Africa Numisma and Follis o Numisma: Incredibly stable gold coin created by Constantine Trade and government use Large payments Stable trade = stable silver o Copper follis = 1 pound of bread Common use o Fairly stable economy for centuries Reduction of trade during Plague and Persian and Arab Conquests Follis almost disappears, but doesn’t kill trade Scholarship o In the beginning, scholarship flourishes in Constantinople o Increase in monasteries = serious decline in scholarhip Monks say only Christian books are worth reading Other books are destroyed or used as insulation in monasteries or the vellum is scraped and re-used 10 th century: Minor revival After that, lack of original thought from the Byzantines Art and Architecture: The Medieval Model o Byzantine architecture maintained the Roman style (“basilica”) Changes as bread ceremony becomes more elaborate; layout of church becomes a more central floor plan Problems packing people in, so small congregations were the norm Venice is a major partner in trade with the Byzantine Empire, so there is Byzantine influence there in terms of architecture o Art: Excellent mosaics, icon painting, expert ivory carvers Byzantines abandoned 3-dimensional representations May have influenced the medieval west o “Medieval modernism”
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