DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Internal affairs iau also known as the office of

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Internal Affairs (IAU) – also known as the Office of Professional Standards – is to deal with complaints of misconduct against officers 96. Know… a question about what department is directly under the Chief… I said internal affairs ?? a. The method of managing police accountability within the system b. Officers of IAU are generally despised by officers and if questioned offer up code of silence b.i. Code of silence is embedded in police subculture and is a barrier to accountability of police actions 97. “Broken Window hypothesis” – devised by James Q Wilson and George L Kelling a. Wilson and Kelling believed that a broken window symbolized a deteriorating neighborhood and without repair led to eventual decline of an area and increased criminal activity b. This theory made the connection between disorder, neighborhood decay and crime c. Wilson and Kelling believed the police had to intervene at the start of the decline and “nip the problem in the bud” d. The result of community policing initiative which extends the function of policing beyond crime control to include fear of crime, order maintenance, dispute resolution, tackling social disorder, in partnership with the community e. 3 main aims of community reform e.i. Community partnerships – require consultation between police and public, and community cooperation as a means of preventing crime, (example: Neighborhood Watch Program) e.i.1. Also improve negative public perception of the police e.i.2. Changes in the department require the same officers to be sent to the same neighborhoods to develop relationships e.ii. Solving problems e.iii. Bringing about organizational change 98. Problem Oriented Policing - introduced by Herman Goldstein in 1979 – he believed specific problems could be better handled with specific solutions a. Executed through 4 steps also known as SARA a.i. Scanning – for underlying problems, officers asking residents in the area a.ii. Analysis - analysis of information gathered, focusing on the parties to an incident, the incident, community response (perpetrators, victims, witnesses) a.iii. Reponses – refers to the creation of strategies based on the analyzed data a.iv. Assessment - evaluates the response based on detailed feedback and surveys 99. Abuse of Discretionary Power – when officers exercise discretion that is outside of the law and policy a. This is illegal and an abuse of discretionary power b. Police discretion can affect public policy – example: refusing to arrest persons with small amounts of marijuana, they are in effect decriminalizing the offence c. Racial Profiling another example of abuse of police discretion d. Factors that affect police discretion: d.i. Situational conditions d.ii. Race and gender d.iii.
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