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Open to mystery and allow miracles to happen.(Watson, 2010, p.3-7)
Jean Watson QuoteRetrieved from
Assumptions of Watson’s TheoryCaring can be demonstrated and practiced interpersonallyCaring consists of “Carative” factors resulting in satisfaction of human needsEffective caring promotes health and individual growthCaring responses accept a person, not only as he or she is now, but also in the futureCaring environment offers development of potential while allowing a person to choose the best action for himself at a given point in timeCaring is more “healthogenic” than is curing, science of caring complementary to curingPractice of caring is central to nursing(Jean Watson’s Theory of Caring, n.d.)
Nursing QuoteRetrieved from http://
IMPLICATIONSto Nursing Practice
Implications to Nursing Practice Development of nurses’ reflective learning (Lachman, 2012)Moral commitment in enhancing human dignity (Lachman, 2012)Promoting research on nursing best practices (Ozan, Okumus, & Lash, 2015)Watson’s nursing process parallels the scientific research process (Petiprin, 2015)Creates a framework that can be applied to many nursing situations, especially mental health (Petiprin, 2015)Stresses importance of sensitivity to self and others, trusting relationships, promoting interpersonal teaching and learning, provides support for mental, physical, sociocultural and spiritual environments (Petiprin, 2015)
Nursing QuoteRetrieved from
Critique on Watson’s Theory of Caring Watson’s theory modifications make her philosophies a practical example of how theories change due to new insights, worldviews, and experiencesMany hospital systems have integrated her theory into professional practice models and patient care deliveryNursing education programs use her theory in course contentButts (2015) notes Watson stating “research in caring embraces inquiries that are both reflective and subjective, as well as objective–empirical” (p. 504)
Critique of Watson’s Theory of CaringStrengths Places the client as the focus rather than technologyThe theory places client in the context of the family, the community and the culture Enhances the nurse-patient interaction and improve practice for patientsEmpowers patients to take control and maintain their health Personal in nature and based on the value system of the individual The theory is easy to use and apply to practice
Critique of Watson’s Theory of CaringWeaknesses Main focus is on psychosocial needs instead of the biophysical needs of the patientThe ten Carative factors primarily delineate the psychosocial needs of the personOpen to interpretation allowing ambiguities which are difficult to implement into practice The theory is more psychological, less practical to be used in daily nursing practiceFails to give directions to gain healing/caring relationshipsDue to increased nurse work loads, may be too time consuming to incorporated into practice
Future ImplicationsWatson theory can be utilized by advanced practice in several ways.