PED
MODOL 1 OTWARTE NEUROLOGIA (2).docx

Frontal lobe on the lateral surface of the human

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FRONTAL LOBE On the lateral surface of the human brain , the central sulcus separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe. The lateral sulcus separates the frontal lobe from the temporal lobe . In damage we see contralateral central monoparesis; Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and/or strokes are common causes of frontal lobe damage in older adults. Alzheimer’s Disease or Parkinson’s Disease (which cause dementia symptoms), and frontal lobe epilepsy; emotions that are felt may not be expressed in the face or voice; patient is unability to write TEMPORAL & PARIETAL Temporal-cortical centre of hearing,smell,taste;deeply-limbic; centres of speach Affection: -hallucination;syndrom of temporal automatism-disorder of some psychiatric disease-deep disorientation by itself,in space; -affec. Of cortical centre of hearing(disorientation of hearing source) –affec.of limb system(depression) –affect.of hipocampus(memory amnesia) Parietal: -cortical type of sensory deficyt-affection of on contralateral extremity; -ostereognosis- patient is not able to recognize object by touch; also can occurs parietal epilepsy & astereognosis(uncontrolled complex action dangerous for other people) MRA-fluctuation of magnetic field atoms+hydrogen atoms(show forms of brain-1m) PAT-scaning of brain,metabolic(glucose radiation) after 1h inject after metabolized in brain;measurment of different tissue metabolizm Magnetic resonance angiography ( MRA ) is a group of techniques based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to image blood vessels. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to generate images of the arteries in order to evaluate them for stenosis (abnormal narrowing), occlusion or aneurysms (vessel wall dilatations, at risk of rupture). MRA is often used to evaluate the arteries of the neck and brain, the thoracic and abdominal aorta, the renal arteries, and the legs X-rays are useful in the detection of pathology of the skeletal system as well as for detecting some disease processes in soft tissue . Some notable examples are the very common chest X-ray , which can be used to identify lung diseases such as pneumonia , lung cancer or pulmonary edema , and the abdominal X-ray , which can detect intestinal obstruction, free air (from visceral perforations) and free fluid (in ascites ). Bell's palsy is a form of temporary facial paralysis resulting from damage or trauma to one of the facial nerves. It is the most common cause of facial paralysis. Generally, Bell's palsy affects only one of the paired facial nerves and one side of the face, however, in rare cases, it can affect both sides. Symptoms of Bell's palsy usually begin suddenly and reach their peak within 48 hours. Symptoms vary from person to person and can range in severity from mild weakness to total paralysis. These symptoms include twitching, weakness, or paralysis, drooping eyelid or corner of the mouth, drooling, dry eye or mouth, impairment of taste, and excessive tearing in the eye. Bell’s palsy often causes significant facial distortion. Most scientists believe that a viral infection such as viral meningitis or the common cold sore virus --
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  • Winter '18
  • Jane doe
  • Facial nerve

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