Gladiatorial contests symbolized roman military

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public assessment. Gladiatorial contests symbolized roman military success. War became a game: a drama of cruelty, violence and death. Spectators: Became active participants, and decided if loser should live or die. Pollice verso : turned thumb. Up to die or down to live. They would yell: Habet hoc habet(hes had it) Sine missione (without release) or mitte (release him) Colloseum: The name originates from a 120 foot high statue of nero which was located near the Flavian amphitheater(original name) It was built by the Flavian dynasty. It is a microcosm of roman society that stratified seating. It was a large podium of 4 tiers. Lowest tier(ima cavea) Middle tier (media cavea) upper seating (summa cavea) Very top(summum maenianum cavea). The emperor would have a special box. Senators sat on marble seating divided into 14 sections. Equestrians were on the lowest tier where 12 rows of marble divided 16 sections. Affluent roman citizens wealthy enough to wear the white toga, sat in the middle class. 19 rows of 16 sections. The upper seating is where the poor would sit in dark clothes. 7 rows of 16 sections. The wives of the equestrians and senators were protected from the sun and rain by a colonnade. The colloseum symbolized: Roman society, a place of symbolized order, victory over lawlessness, chaos, barbarism, savagery, wild beasts and other people. The 3 flavian emporors: Vespasian titus and Domitian. Statue dedicated in 800 AD by titus. Pagean Pantheon: Gladiatorial contests were held in honor of the dead. Amplitheater was also called the temple of demons by Christian observers. The contests were held during the festival of saturnalia, celebrating the god Saturn. Festival of Saturnalia: Held in honor of Saturn, god of agriculture, dethroned by his son Jupiter (zeus). Fled to Italy where he would rule the golden age. During the golden age there is a week of no work. It was a period of godswill, devoted to the banquets and the exchange of visits and gifts. A special feature of the festival was the freedom given to slaves, who would be served by their masters. Statues of mars: God of war and gladiators. Statues of diana: Goddess of the hunt. Presided over the venation. Men dressed as: Mercury, who poed corpses with hot iron. Escorted the dead to the underworld. Dis Pater : God of the underworld. Telemachus: Sacrificed his life to stop the slaughter games. He was stoned for this. One man can make a difference. CIRCUS MAXIMUS: Called Circensian games (Ludi Circenses)—chariot races Instituted by Romulus to attract women to become roman wives Honored the gods Consus or Neptumus Equestris Most popular event in Rome Private betting was popular (not public betting) Charioteers called aurigae Began carreers as slaves Could become rich Four roman racing stables (factiones) Red summer White winter Blue fall Green spring
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