Chapter 1_The Science of Behaviour-5.pptx

Early 1900s role of unconscious can influence

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(early 1900’s) Role of unconscious Can influence conscious thoughts, feelings, & actions Psychoanalysis Bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness
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Defense mechanisms Result from dealing with anxiety & pain of traumatic experiences Repression Anxiety-arousing impulses, feelings, & memories kept in unconscious depths of the mind
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Modern theory Focus on influence of early relationships with family members & caregivers on development of one’s view of themselves & others
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(2) Behavioural Behaviourism – Watson (early 1900’s) tabula rosa (Locke) Emphasis on external environment & observable behaviours S – R relationships Seek to discover laws governing learning & performance
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Pavlov’s apparatus Classical conditioning Dogs salivate to auditory tone
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Skinner Box Operant conditioning Reward & punishment
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Cognitive behaviourism (Bandura – late 1900’s) Learning experiences & environment affect behaviour through information processing e.g., modelling
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(3) Humanistic
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