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Unformatted text preview: 1. The scheme contained in the passage is ________. a) generalization b) polling c) general causal reasoning 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the first premise (in which X is correlated with Y ) b) the second premise (in which the correlation between X and Y is not due to chance) c) the third premise (in which the correlation between X and Y is not due to some mutual cause Z ) d) the fourth premise (in which Y is not the cause of X ) Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to ________. a) show that the correlation between X and Y is due to chance b) show that the correlation between X and Y could be due to chance Passage 5 It’s clear that wind turbines cause all kinds of health problems. After all, there are repeated problems with fatigue and pain from those who live near wind turbines. That can’t just be a coincidence. 1. The scheme contained in the passage is ________. a) generalization b) polling c) general causal reasoning 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the first premise (in which X is correlated with Y ) b) the second premise (in which the correlation between X and Y is not due to chance) c) the third premise (in which the correlation between X and Y is not due to some mutual cause Z ) d) the fourth premise (in which Y is not the cause of X ) 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to ________. a) show that the correlation between X and Y is due to chance b) show that the correlation between X and Y could be due to chance Passage 6 Half the eggs in this carton are rotten. I bet they’re all rotten. 1. The scheme contained in the passage is ________. a) generalization b) polling c) general causal reasoning 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the first premise (in which S is a sample of X s) b) the second premise (in which Proportion 1 of X s in S are Y ) c) the conclusion (in which Proportion 2 of X s are Y ) Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 Passage 7 I’ve always thought Shakespeare was overrated. I’ve seen two of his plays, and they weren’t nearly as good as they’re supposed to be. 1. The scheme contained in the passage is ________. a) generalization b) polling c) general causal reasoning 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________....
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 Summer '09
 JURKOWSKI
 Logic, Districts of Vienna, Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press Canada, general causal reasoning

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