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association Correct! temporal ordering maturation reliability
Question 2 The subjects or other units of interest not receiving treatment in a study are called the ______. Correct! control group static group experimental group Solomon Four Group Question 3Natural changes to subjects taking part in an experiment that threaten internal validity are known as ______. history instrumentation testing
Correct! maturation Question 4All of the following are identified as threats to internal validity with the exception of ______. selection bias maturation Correct! association testing Question 5When extreme scores trend towards the mean over repeated tests, and threaten internal validity, this is referred to as ______.
Correct! statistical regression selection bias maturation testing Question 6The ability to generalize experimental research findings to the population of interest in the “real world” is referred to as ______. instrumentation Correct! external validity reliability testing
Question 7Internal validity is jeopardized in non-equivalent control group designs due to ______. testing Correct! selection bias history statistical regression Question 8Which of the following casual relationship criteria may be the easiest to establish? maturation Correct! temporal ordering association
reliability Question 9Which of the following experiments is used when random assignment to a control or experimental group is not possible, impractical, or unethical? true experiments Correct! quasi-experiments pre-experiments natural experiments Question 10Which of the following designs uses two non-randomly generated groups that are considered to be similar? one-shot case design
static-group comparison design before-and-after design Correct! non-equivalent control groups design Question 1Natural settings, not labs, offices, or controlled environments, allow for gathering information about behaviors and actions through ______. interviews Correct! observation document analysis content analysis Question 2Using both qualitative and quantitative approaches is called ______. deductive reasoning
Correct! mixed-methods ethnography maximum variation sampling Question 3Qualitative research that is based on examination of documents uses which of the following as units of analysis? groups or organizations Correct! social artifacts interactions individuals Question 4Gaining meaning and understanding through a systematic collection, review, evaluation, synthesis, and interpretation of documents is called ______.
Correct! document analysis inductive reasoning content analysis deductive reasoning Question 5All of the following are examples of ethical challenges that researchers face EXCEPT______. receiving informed consent maintaining anonymity maintaining confidentiality Correct! choosing a proper methodology Question 6
When the researcher becomes a group member unbeknownst to the group, but known to the researcher’s primary contacts, this role conception is called ______. complete observer observer as participant Correct!