Requirements concerning behaving in a manner benifitting ones status in social

Requirements concerning behaving in a manner

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Requirements concerning behaving in a manner benifitting one’s status in social heiracrhy o Regulations clustering around bodily matters generally dominated by concepts of purity and pollution Moral minimum: o A set of gernal standards that constitue the ethical minimum necessary for the functions of civilization Honesty Loyalty Keeping commitments Doing no harm 9
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Philosophical approaches: o Utilitarism o Deontological (rule-based) We can identify and apply certain threshold standards of moral behavior (10 commandments) The golden rule “can this action be justified by reasons that are uniformly applicable to all other persons” o Virtue Ethics Conecentrates on the actor attempting to become a virtuous person in all aspects rather than on outcomes The batman killing joker problem Process of moral decision making o Identifying the issues = any time your potential action smay injure others, violate basic rules, or something ethical people don’t do you have an ethical issue o Identifying governing priniples = one of three philosophical approaches o Collecting info = verifying the accuracy, relaibilty, and completeness of info o Applying the facts = application of the guiding principles to the facts that we inferred from the evidence o Balancing competing obligations = weigh and balance moral obligations against one another which involves a degree of subjectivity o Excusing conditions = any conditions that might lessen the strength of one obligation relative to another, can be diminished by genuine lack of knowledge or of freedom to act o Conflict reduction = creative solutions that may diminish or remove the confluct, removing ourselves from direct involvement o Prioritizing = when you cannot elimate a moral dilemma you must choose between the boligations. Must weigh the strength of the issues o Making a moral decision = make a decision that reflects a choice. No chouce will be made without doubt but will have rational reasoning 10
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Ethical Terms (Chap 37) Look on pages 24 – 26 for terms When Hubris (self-blinding pride) + Detachment = Corporate Culture Social Pressue – obedience to authority o Conformity bias o Group think o False Consensus effect Cognitive Heuristics o Overconfidence o Overoptimism o Cognitive Dissonance o Self- Serving bias o Framing Broward County o Their gifted and talented had very little minorities o No longer allowed people to get into the program though recommendations o Administered tests to every child which increased Hispanic and Black kids into the program by 30% o Problem due to cognitive dissonance/ human bias Corporations Ethics (Chap 38) VW will have to pay about $20 billion for emission scandal Are Corps moral agents arguments: o No, a corporation is just a collection of documents o Yes, a corporation is a collection of individuals who do have a moral responsibility Agents of capital view o Shareholder value o Its only about money not ethics Agents of society view 11
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o Social contract o Its about serving society not all about money
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