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Requirements concerning behaving in a manner benifitting one’s status in socialheiracrhy oRegulations clustering around bodily matters generally dominated by concepts of purity and pollutionMoral minimum:oA set of gernal standards that constitue the ethical minimum necessary for the functions of civilizationHonesty LoyaltyKeeping commitmentsDoing no harm 9
Philosophical approaches:oUtilitarism oDeontological (rule-based)We can identify and apply certain threshold standards of moral behavior (10 commandments)The golden rule“can this action be justified by reasons that are uniformly applicable to all other persons”oVirtue EthicsConecentrates on the actor attempting to become a virtuous person in all aspects rather than on outcomes The batman killing joker problemProcess of moral decision makingoIdentifying the issues = any time your potential action smay injure others, violate basic rules, or something ethical people don’t do you have an ethical issueoIdentifying governing priniples = one of three philosophical approachesoCollecting info = verifying the accuracy, relaibilty, and completeness of infooApplying the facts = application of the guiding principles to the facts that we inferred from the evidenceoBalancing competing obligations = weigh and balance moral obligations against one another which involves a degree of subjectivity oExcusing conditions = any conditions that might lessen the strength of one obligation relative to another, can be diminished by genuine lack of knowledge or of freedom to actoConflict reduction = creative solutions that may diminish or remove the confluct, removing ourselves from direct involvementoPrioritizing = when you cannot elimate a moral dilemma you must choose between the boligations. Must weigh the strength of the issues oMaking a moral decision = make a decision that reflects a choice. No chouce will be made without doubt but will have rational reasoning10
Ethical Terms (Chap 37)Look on pages 24 – 26 for terms When Hubris (self-blinding pride) + Detachment = Corporate Culture Social Pressue – obedience to authorityoConformity bias oGroup think oFalse Consensus effect Cognitive Heuristics oOverconfidence oOveroptimism oCognitive DissonanceoSelf- Serving bias oFraming Broward County oTheir gifted and talented had very little minoritiesoNo longer allowed people to get into the program though recommendationsoAdministered tests to every child which increased Hispanic and Black kids into the program by 30% oProblem due to cognitive dissonance/ human bias Corporations Ethics (Chap 38)VW will have to pay about $20 billion for emission scandalAre Corps moral agents arguments:oNo, a corporation is just a collection of documentsoYes, a corporation is a collection of individuals who do have a moral responsibility Agents of capital viewoShareholder value oIts only about money not ethicsAgents of society view 11
oSocial contract oIts about serving society not all about money