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Enduring fascination with vampiresPopularity of the text- spoken in the Victorian era(expansion of British empire)Powerful Cautionary tale (carries a message, taps into social fears)·Bram Stoker- 1897Irish novelist and short story writer, theatre critic for the Dublin evening mailMember of London high society, interested in medicine, science and criminologyNot the first vampire novel, but the canonical (most referred to) vampire textVampire: A mythological being that feeds on creatures by sucking their blood, the victims turn intoa vampireMesmerism: Form of therapeutic hypnosis invented by Franz Anton MesmerWomen: intrigued by Dracula, repulsive attraction, purity is key and idea of ‘cleanliness’Genres Dracula spans:·Romantic/Confessional literature·Gothic/Horror/Victorian/Realist/Epistolary novel·Vampire fiction·Dark Romance·Folklore and legend
·Sci-fi and speculative fiction·Cautionary tale·Dystopian narrativeCommunity in a state of declineSpeculative and CautionaryDehumanization, repressive of authoritative leadershipLoss of freedom & free willSocial Fears:·Supernatural; good vs. evil·Satanic·Darkness, Predators·Invasion; foreign, immigrants, disease·Reverse colonialism·Light vs. Dark·Xenophobia; fear of strange·Patriarchy;Undermines patriarchal structure of societyPlans to invade London, East vs. WestVoiced the fears of late Victorian patriarchy, Queen victoria expansion of empire during the Victorian eraCorruption and failure of masculine powerIncreasing feminine power and social prominence, Civilization vs. ChaosDracula represents threat to civilization; colonial empireVampiressesMatrocracySuffragettesFemales and Power: Tail hook Scandal:·1991·Series of incidents where more than 100 US navy were sexually assaultedSarah Palin:·Alaska’s first female governor, vice-presidential pick for 2008 electrons·Lambasted by liberal press, satirized in mediaBenazir Bhutto:·11th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988-1990, 1993-1996·Assassinated in 2007 at a campaign rally, possibly by Taliban membersIndira Gandhi:·3rd Prime minister of India·Second longest serving·Dubbed ‘ Woman of the millennium in 1999·Assassinated by two of her bodyguards in 1984Queen Victoria·Reigned from 1837-1901 (64) years
·Longest sitting monarch·First British empress·Gave her name to an entire era·Created the ‘Royal family’Dracula: Themes:·Nature of Evil·Power·Social and moral DeclineDiscourses:·Racial·Social class·Sexuality·Gender·Identity·Nationalism·ColonialismConflicts:Naturevs.CulturePaganvs.ChristianGoodvs.EvilHumanvs.MonsterTraditionalvs.ModernNativevs.ForeignEastvs.WestReasonvs.ImaginationHermetic Order of the Golden Dawn:·Magical order in Great Britian·Practiced spiritual development and ‘theory’·Ritual magical practices intended to evoke presence of GodsSecret Societies in London·1980s·