Enduring fascination with vampires Popularity of the text spoken in the

Enduring fascination with vampires popularity of the

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Enduring fascination with vampires Popularity of the text- spoken in the Victorian era(expansion of British empire) Powerful Cautionary tale (carries a message, taps into social fears) · Bram Stoker- 1897 Irish novelist and short story writer, theatre critic for the Dublin evening mail Member of London high society, interested in medicine, science and criminology Not the first vampire novel, but the canonical (most referred to) vampire text Vampire : A mythological being that feeds on creatures by sucking their blood, the victims turn into a vampire Mesmerism: Form of therapeutic hypnosis invented by Franz Anton Mesmer Women: intrigued by Dracula, repulsive attraction, purity is key and idea of ‘cleanliness’ Genres Dracula spans: · Romantic/Confessional literature · Gothic/Horror/Victorian/Realist/Epistolary novel · Vampire fiction · Dark Romance · Folklore and legend
· Sci-fi and speculative fiction · Cautionary tale · Dystopian narrative Community in a state of decline Speculative and Cautionary Dehumanization, repressive of authoritative leadership Loss of freedom & free will Social Fears: · Supernatural; good vs. evil · Satanic · Darkness, Predators · Invasion; foreign, immigrants, disease · Reverse colonialism · Light vs. Dark · Xenophobia; fear of strange · Patriarchy; Undermines patriarchal structure of society Plans to invade London, East vs. West Voiced the fears of late Victorian patriarchy, Queen victoria expansion of empire during the Victorian era Corruption and failure of masculine power Increasing feminine power and social prominence, Civilization vs. Chaos Dracula represents threat to civilization; colonial empire Vampiresses Matrocracy Suffragettes Females and Power: Tail hook Scandal: · 1991 · Series of incidents where more than 100 US navy were sexually assaulted Sarah Palin: · Alaska’s first female governor, vice-presidential pick for 2008 electrons · Lambasted by liberal press, satirized in media Benazir Bhutto: · 11 th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988-1990, 1993-1996 · Assassinated in 2007 at a campaign rally, possibly by Taliban members Indira Gandhi: · 3 rd Prime minister of India · Second longest serving · Dubbed ‘ Woman of the millennium in 1999 · Assassinated by two of her bodyguards in 1984 Queen Victoria · Reigned from 1837-1901 (64) years
· Longest sitting monarch · First British empress · Gave her name to an entire era · Created the ‘Royal family’ Dracula: Themes: · Nature of Evil · Power · Social and moral Decline Discourses: · Racial · Social class · Sexuality · Gender · Identity · Nationalism · Colonialism Conflicts: Nature vs. Culture Pagan vs. Christian Good vs. Evil Human vs. Monster Traditional vs. Modern Native vs. Foreign East vs. West Reason vs. Imagination Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn: · Magical order in Great Britian · Practiced spiritual development and ‘theory’ · Ritual magical practices intended to evoke presence of Gods Secret Societies in London · 1980s ·

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