McCance (2017), more than 95% of prostatic neoplasms are adenocarcinomas and most occur in the periphery of the prostate. The biologic aggressiveness of the neoplasm appears to be related to the degree of differentiation rather than size of the tumor (Huether & McCance, 2017). The Age Factor: Diagnosis & TreatmentTesticular cancer occurs most commonly in men between the ages of 15 and 35 years (Huether & McCance, 2017). Testicular cancer is diagnosed by the patient's history and physical, ultrasound, and blood tests that measure testicular tumor markers. Biopsy of testicular tissue may be done as well. Testicular cancer can be cured by surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy; side effects include infertility and treatments may affect sexual function (MedicineNet, n.d.)Prostate cancer occurs most commonly in men over the age of 65 years of age (Huether & McCance, 2017). In fact, prostate cancer is very rare before the age of 50 andvery few men die from it before the age of 60 (Huether & McCance, 2017). Screening forprostate cancer should be done routinely as men get close to the age of 50. Screening includes digital rectal examination and prostate specific antigen blood tests (Huether & McCance, 2017). The treatment of prostate cancer depends on the stage of the neoplasm, the anticipated effects of treatment and the age, general health, and life expectancy of the individual (Huether & McCance, 2017). Surgical treatments include total prostatectomy, transurethral resection of the prostate, or cryotherapy; whereas, nonsurgical treatments include radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy (Copstead & Banasik, 2010). On a side note, over the past 25 years, the 5-year relative survival rate for all
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- Spring '15
- Prostate cancer, testicular cancer, Metastasis, Huether