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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY CAN HELP Exercise can prevent many age-related changes to muscles, bones and joints –and reverse these changes as well. It’s never too late to start living an active lifestyle and
Learner Resource CHCAGE001 Version: 2.0 Responsibility: Director of Studies Page 49/70 Last Updated: 30 June 2017 Developed by Enhance Your Future Pty Ltd Melbourne City College Australia RTO No: 45140 CRICOS: 03592B ABN: 77 602 164 625 CHCAGE001 Facilitate the empowerment of older peopleenjoying the benefits. Research shows that: Exercise can make bones stronger and help slow the rate of bone loss Older people can increase muscle mass and strength, through muscle-strengthening activities Balance and coordination exercises, such as Tai chi, can help reduce the risk of falls Physical activity in later life may delay the progression of osteoporosis as it slows down the rate at which bone mineral density is reduced Weight-bearing exercise, such as walking or weight training, is the best type of exercise for maintenance of bone mass. There is a suggestion that twisting or rotational movements, where the muscle attachments pull on the bone, are also beneficial Older people who exercise in water (which is not weight bearing) may still experience increases in bone and muscle mass compared to sedentary older people Stretching is another excellent way to help maintain joint flexibility See your doctor before you start any new physical activity program. If you haven’t exercised for a long time, are elderly or have chronic diseases (such as arthritis), your doctor, physiotherapist or exercise physiologist can help tailor an appropriate and safe exercise program for you. If you suffer from osteoporosis, you may also be advised to take more calcium. Sometimes, medications are needed to treat osteoporosis.16TYPICAL PHYSICAL CHANGES Some of the typical physical changes that can occur as a person ages are: Wrinkles 16
Learner Resource CHCAGE001 Version: 2.0 Responsibility: Director of Studies Page 50/70 Last Updated: 30 June 2017 Developed by Enhance Your Future Pty Ltd Melbourne City College Australia RTO No: 45140 CRICOS: 03592B ABN: 77 602 164 625 CHCAGE001 Facilitate the empowerment of older peopleGraying or loss of hair Thickening of the body Decline in senses Decline in reaction time Arthritis (pain, limited movement) Decline in the elasticity of the muscles and skin (body) Also, there are changes to the body systems themselves. For example: Integumentary system; As the skin ages, it flattens due to the loss of sub-cutaneous fat, skin cells, sebaceous (oil) glands, sweat glands, melanocytes (pigment cells), and hair follicles. Lentigo (senile freckles) occurs, blood flow to the skin is decreased, and nerve endings are lost or become less sensitive.